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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number: 000-13490
MIND Technology, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware76-0210849
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
2002 Timberloch Place
Suite 400
The Woodlands,Texas
77380
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
281-353-4475
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock - $0.01 par value per shareMINDThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Series A Preferred Stock - $1.00 par value per shareMINDPThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes     No  ☒
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ☒
As of July 31, 2020, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was 26,092,078 based on the closing sale price as reported on the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC.
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
Outstanding at April 13, 2021
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share13,766,680shares
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the definitive proxy statement of MIND Technology, Inc. for the 2021Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed within 120 days of January 31, 2021, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K


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MIND TECHNOLOGY, INC.
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.
Item 16.
 

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 (this “Form-10-K”) constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements contained in this Form 10-K other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, our business strategy and plans, and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. The words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “intend,” “foresee,” “should, “would,” “could” or other similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, which are not historical in nature. These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effect on us. While management believes that these forward-looking statements are reasonable as and when made, there can be no assurance that future developments affecting us will be those that we anticipate. All comments concerning our expectations for future revenues and operating results are based on our forecasts of our existing operations and do not include the potential impact of any future acquisitions. Our forward-looking statements involve significant risks and uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections. Known material factors that could cause our actual results to differ from those in the forward-looking statements are described in Item 1A - “Risk Factors.” Readers are cautioned not to place reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date they are made unless required by law, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All forward-looking statements included herein are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section.

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PART I
Item 1. Business
MIND Technology, Inc. (“MIND” and, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, the “Company”, “we”, “us” and “our”), a Delaware corporation, formerly Mitcham Industries, Inc., a Texas corporation, was incorporated in 1987. Effective August 3, 2020 the Company effectuated a reincorporation to the state of Delaware. Concurrent with the reincorporation, the name of the Company was changed to MIND Technology, Inc., and the number of shares of common stock and preferred stock authorized for issuance was increased. We provide technology to the oceanographic, hydrographic, defense, seismic and maritime security industries. Headquartered in The Woodlands, Texas, MIND has a global presence with key operating locations in the United States, Singapore, Malaysia and the United Kingdom.
Historically, we have operated in two segments, Marine Technology Products and Equipment Leasing. During the second quarter of the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 (“fiscal 2021”), our Board determined to exit the land-based seismic equipment leasing business (the “Leasing Business”) and instructed management to develop and implement a plan to dispose of those operations. Accordingly, the assets, excluding cash, and liabilities of the Leasing Business are considered held for sale and the Leasing Business operations are presented as discontinued operations. See Note 2 - “Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations” to our condensed consolidated financial statements for more details. We have in the past, and may in the future, lease certain marine equipment to our customers. Such amounts have not been material in recent periods nor are anticipated to be material in the future.
Our worldwide Marine Technology Products business includes (a) Seamap Pte Ltd, MIND Maritime Acoustics, LLC (formerly Seamap USA, LLC), Seamap (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd and Seamap (UK) Ltd, collectively “Seamap” which designs, manufactures and sells specialized marine seismic equipment and (b) Klein Marine Systems, Inc. (“Klein”), which designs, manufactures and sells high performance side scan sonar and water-side security systems.
Following the decision to exit the Leasing Business we are focusing on our strategy to emphasize our Marine Technology Products business. This strategy is based on the following vision for MIND:
become known as a provider of innovative technology and products to the oceanographic, hydrographic, seismic, defense and maritime security industries;
leverage our various technologies, products and services to create new products and address new markets, as well as seek out opportunities to add new technologies and products; and
create an organization that facilitates cross-fertilization of our existing technologies and market presence. We expect to leverage our engineering, sales, operations, manufacturing and administrative resources and focus on cooperation among business units and sharing of resources.
We are primarily focused on three markets within the broader marine technology space, Marine Exploration, Marine Survey and Maritime Security. Customers within these market segments include marine survey companies, seismic survey contractors, various non-military governmental organizations, research institutes, first responders, navies, both domestic and foreign, and operators of port facilities and other offshore installations.
The discontinued operations of the Leasing Business includes all leasing activity, sales of lease pool equipment and certain other equipment sales and services related to those operations. This business had been conducted from our locations in Huntsville, Texas; Calgary, Canada; Bogota, Colombia; and Budapest, Hungary. This included the operations of our subsidiaries, Mitcham Canada, ULC (“MCL”), Mitcham Europe Ltd. (“MEL”), and our branch in Colombia.
Our products and equipment are utilized in a variety of geographic regions throughout the world, which are described under “Customers, Sales, Backlog and Marketing.”
Marine Technology Products Business –
Seamap designs, manufactures and sells a broad range of products for the oceanographic, hydrographic and marine seismic industries. Seamap’s primary products include the GunLink™ seismic source acquisition and control systems, commonly referred to as “energy source controllers”, and the BuoyLink™ RGPS (“relative global positioning system”) tracking system, which is used to provide precise positioning of seismic sources and streamers. In March 2018, Seamap introduced the SeaLink™ product line of marine sensors and solid streamer systems. Applications for these technologies include marine seismic surveys related to energy exploration, as well as other resources, ocean bottom surveys and various research activities. Defense related applications have been a minor part of this business historically; however, we believe our hydrophone and solid streamer technologies are well suited to defense and maritime security applications.
Klein primarily designs, manufactures and sells advanced side scan sonar systems for the oceanographic, hydrographic, defense and maritime security industries on a world-wide basis. Klein’s family of sonar products are used in a variety of applications including hydrographic surveys, naval mine counter measure operations, search and recovery operations, ocean bottom profiling and other underwater object detection operations.
Seamap and Klein have overlapping customer bases in some cases and it is not uncommon for a marine survey vessel to be equipped with products from both Seamap and Klein. We expect that in the future we will have opportunities to package products from Seamap and Klein in response to requests from customers.
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The technologies underlying the products of Seamap and Klein are similar, as are the engineering disciplines and challenges. We anticipate significant engineering collaboration between Seamap and Klein and plan to jointly develop new products.
The manufacturing processes of Seamap and Klein are also similar. While we expect to maintain separate manufacturing operations, we do believe there will be opportunities for collaboration. Such collaboration might include using common suppliers, outsourcing specific functions between the operations and common support and repair activities.
Discontinued Operations –
Our lease pool of land seismic equipment consisted of many types of equipment used in seismic data acquisition, including various electronic components of land, transition zone and marine seismic data acquisition systems, geophones and cables, peripheral equipment, survey and other equipment.
Historically, we leased our equipment on a short-term basis, generally for two to six months, to seismic contractors who needed equipment for a particular seismic survey. Short-term leasing agreements enabled our customers to achieve operating and capital investment efficiencies. A typical seismic crew uses a wide variety of equipment to perform seismic data acquisition surveys. Our customers may have leased a small amount of equipment to expand an existing crew’s capabilities or a complete seismic data acquisition system to equip an entire crew. Our equipment lease rates varied according to an item’s expected useful life, utilization, acquisition cost and the term of the lease.
As activity in the seismic equipment market declined over the past several years, we reduced our lease pool of equipment by limiting purchases of additional equipment and by selling equipment that we have deemed to be excess. We are actively pursuing the sale of our remaining lease pool equipment. Proceeds from any such sales will be reinvested and redeployed in our Marine Technology business.
Seismic Technology
Data generated from digital seismic recording systems and peripheral equipment is used in a variety of marine and land applications, including hydrographic surveys, civil engineering operations, mining surveys and in the search for and development of oil and gas reserves. In addition, marine seismic sensors can be used in a number of military and security applications, such as anti-submarine warfare. Users of seismic technology include marine and land seismic contractors, marine survey operators, research institutes and governmental entities.
Oil and gas companies have begun to utilize time lapse (“4-D”) seismic techniques for producing oil and gas fields. 4-D surveys involve periodically acquiring seismic data over the same area. These techniques allow the oil and gas company to monitor and analyze the production from existing properties and optimize production and reserve recovery.
The acoustic sensors, or hydrophones, and streamer systems used in seismic applications can also be utilized in developing passive and active sonar systems. Such technology has wide application in maritime security and defense applications, such as anti-submarine warfare.
Side Scan Sonar Technology
A side scan sonar (sound navigation and ranging) system is a specialized system used for detecting and identifying objects underwater by transmitting sound energy to the right and left of the host vehicle and processing the return signals (echoes) that have bounced off the seafloor or other objects into two dimensional, photo like, images of the ocean bottom. Basic side scan sonar systems do not provide depth information nor do they penetrate the seafloor bottom. However, side scan sonar models are available that incorporate bathymetry elements (the study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors). These systems provide bathymetric (depth) information that is co-registered with side scan data. Sub-seafloor bottom profiling can also be used in concert with side scan sonar technology to look below the seabed into the stratum layers.
Users of side scan sonar technology include governmental and military organizations, port and harbor authorities, fire and police departments, offshore oil and gas operators and contractors, universities and scientific organizations, mining companies, marine survey companies and marine salvage operators. Applications that utilize side scan sonar technology include the following:
preplanned shipping route surveys;
mine counter measures and mine-like object detection;
environmental assessments;
hydrographic surveys;
waterside security;
dredging operations;
pipeline and cable surveys;
bridge scour monitoring;
search and recovery;
underwater construction surveys;
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pipeline and cable route surveys;
marine research;
archaeology surveys;
marine life and habitat monitoring;
mining surveys;
treasure hunting; and
marine salvage operations.
Business and Operations
Marine Technology Products Business –
Through our Marine Technology Products business, we develop, manufacture and sell a range of proprietary products for the oceanographic, hydrographic, seismic, defense and maritime security industries. We have developed certain of our technology. We have acquired other technology through the purchase of businesses or specific assets from others. We expect to continue to internally develop new technology or enhancements to our existing technology. However, we may also gain access to new technology or products through acquisition, joint venture arrangements or licensing agreements.
Seamap’s primary products include: (1) the GunLink seismic source acquisition and control systems, which are designed to provide operators of marine seismic surveys more precise monitoring and control of energy sources; (2) the BuoyLink RGPS tracking system, which is used to provide precise positioning of marine seismic energy sources and streamers; (3) Digishot™ energy source controller; (4) Sleeve Gun energy sources and (5) the SeaLink towed seismic streamer system. Seamap’s other products include streamer weight collars, depth transducers, pressure transducers, air control valves and source array systems. In addition to selling complete products, Seamap provides spare and replacement parts related to the products it sells. Seamap also provides certain services related to its products. These services include repair, engineering, training, field service operations and umbilical terminations.
We maintain a Seamap facility in the United Kingdom which includes engineering, training, sales and field service operations. Our Seamap facility in Singapore includes engineering, assembly, sales, repair and field service operations. In connection with the introduction of the SeaLink products, we have established a production facility in Malaysia to provide for the manufacture and repair of the streamer components of this system. The facility in Malaysia is in relatively close proximity to our Singapore facility.
Klein is a supplier of side scan sonar equipment and systems. Products are marketed to governmental and commercial customers through an internal sales organization and a network of distributors and representatives around the world. Sales, engineering, production and administrative operations are performed from Klein’s facility in Salem, New Hampshire.
Klein offers an extensive product line of side scan sonar systems and related products. The product line includes multi-beam and single-beam side scan sonar systems with varying levels of capability. These products are utilized in a number of applications including portable search and recovery, shallow and deep-water surveys, naval mine warfare, underwater object detection and bathymetry. These products can be deployed from vessels of varying size, including autonomous underwater vehicles and autonomous surface vehicles. During fiscal year ended January 31, 2020 (“fiscal 2020”) we introduced the MA-XTM technology and in the first quarter of the fiscal 2021 introduced the Micro Max, or “µMaxTM”. We believe MA-XTM is revolutionary technology. Traditional side scan sonar imaging creates a nadir gap in the center of the image.  This gap in data requires overlapping survey lines which leads to significant additional survey time to achieve 100% coverage.  For the operators of autonomous underwater vehicles (“AUV”), this translates into extended mission duration. Traditional “gap-filler” solutions tend to be expensive or of low image quality.  A cost-effective gap-filler solution has long been sought by the industry. The µMax has reduced size and power requirements and is targeted at the AUV market.
During fiscal 2021 we entered into an agreement with a major European defense contractor for the joint development and marketing of synthetic aperture sonar (“SAS”) systems. SAS is a form of sonar in which sophisticated post-processing of sonar data is used in ways closely analogous to synthetic aperture radar. In many applications and conditions, SAS can provide superior images and results as compared to traditional side scan sonar.
Components for our products are sourced from a variety of suppliers located in Asia, Europe and the United States. Products are generally assembled, tested and shipped from our facilities in Singapore, Malaysia, Texas and New Hampshire.
Key Agreements

We have a number of agreements for the distribution or representation of our products. These agreements are generally cancellable upon a notice period of from one to three months.
Customers, Sales, Backlog and Marketing
As of January 31, 2021, we had three customers that exceeded 10% of consolidated accounts receivable. During our fiscal year ended 2020, no customer exceeded 10% of consolidated accounts receivable. The loss of any one of our largest customers or a sustained decrease in
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demand by any of theses customers could result in a substantial loss of revenues and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. Due to the nature of our sales, the significance of any one customer can vary significantly from year to year. See Item 1A - “Risk Factors.”
As of January 31, 2021, our Marine Technology Products business had a backlog of orders amounting to approximately $14.2 million, compared to $8.9 million as of January 31, 2020. We expect the backlog of orders as of January 31, 2021 to be fulfilled during the fiscal year ending January 31, 2022 (“fiscal 2022”).
We analyze our backlog, which we define as orders we consider to be firm based on the receipt of a purchase order or other documentation from the customer, to evaluate operations and future revenue potential. As backlog is not a defined accounting term, our computation of backlog may not be comparable with that of our peers. In addition, project cancellations and scope adjustments may occur from time to time. For example, certain contracts are terminable at the discretion of our customers, with or without cause. These types of backlog reductions could adversely affect our revenue and results of operations. Our backlog for the period beyond the next twelve months may be subject to variation from the prior year as existing contracts are completed, delayed or renewed or new contracts are awarded, delayed or canceled. Accordingly, our backlog as of any particular date is an uncertain indicator of future earnings.
We participate in both domestic and international trade shows and expositions to inform the appropriate industries of our products and services and we advertise in major trade journals.
A summary of our revenues from customers by geographic region is as follows (in thousands):
 Year Ended January 31,
 20212020
United States$3,687 $3,920 
Europe(1)
8,005 14,975 
Canada1,267 3,519 
Latin America(2)
— 262 
Asia/South Pacific6,523 5,377 
Eurasia(3)
507 290 
Other(4)
1,226 1,576 
Total Non-United States17,528 25,999 
Total$21,215 $29,919 
(1)Includes the United Kingdom
(2)Includes South America and Mexico
(3)Comprised of the Russian Federation and the Commonwealth of Independent States (“CIS”)
(4)Includes Africa and The Middle East

The net book value of our property and equipment in our various geographic locations is as follows (in thousands):
 As of January 31,
Location of property and equipment20212020
United States$3,133 $3,379 
Europe(1)
87 78 
Singapore480 773 
Malaysia1,051 1,189 
Total Non-United States
1,618 2,040 
Total$4,751 $5,419 
(1)Includes the United Kingdom
For information regarding the risks associated with our foreign operations, see Item 1A – “Risk Factors.”
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Competition
Marine Technology Products –
We compete with a number of other manufacturers of marine seismic, hydrographic and oceanographic equipment. Some of these competitors may have substantially greater financial resources than our own. We generally compete for sales of equipment on the basis of (1) technical capability, (2) reliability, (3) price, (4) delivery terms and (5) service.
Discontinued Operations –
Our major competitors include the seismic equipment manufacturers who sell equipment on financed terms, offer leases with purchase options and offer short term rentals of their products. In addition, some seismic contractors might have excess equipment available for lease from time to time. We face lesser competition from several companies that engage in seismic equipment leasing, but this competition has historically been fragmented and our competitors have not had as extensive a seismic equipment lease pool nor as wide geographic presence as we do. We compete for seismic equipment leases on the basis of (1) price, (2) delivery terms, (3) availability of desired equipment and (4) location of equipment. We believe that our infrastructure and broad geographic presence also provide a major competitive advantage by contributing to our operational efficiencies.
We compete in the used equipment sales market with a broad range of seismic equipment owners, including seismic data acquisition contractors, who use and eventually dispose of seismic equipment. Some of these competitors may have substantially greater financial resources than our own.
Suppliers
We obtain parts, components and services from a number of suppliers to our manufacturing operation. These suppliers are located in various geographic locations. Certain materials utilized in the construction of our solid streamer products are currently obtained from a sole source. We have not experienced supply disruptions from this source, but are exploring various options to expand supply sources.
For additional information regarding the risk associated with our suppliers, see Item 1A - “Risk Factors.”
Employees
As of January 31, 2021, we employed approximately 204 people on a full-time basis, none of whom were represented by a union or covered by a collective bargaining agreement. We consider our employee relations to be satisfactory.
Intellectual Property
The products designed, manufactured and sold by our Marine Technology Products business utilize significant intellectual property that we have developed, purchased or have licensed from others. Our internally developed intellectual property consists of product designs, trade secrets and patent applications. We have acquired certain United States and foreign patents related to energy source controllers, hydrophone and other technologies. We believe these acquired intellectual property rights will allow us to incorporate certain design features and functionality in future versions of our GunLink and Sealink product lines, as well as other products. We believe the pertinent patents to have a valid term through at least 2028. We have pending patent applications related to our MA-XTM technology.
For additional information regarding the risks associated with our intellectual property, see Item 1A-”Risk Factors.”
Governmental Environmental Regulation
We are subject to stringent governmental laws and regulations, both in the United States and other countries, pertaining to worker safety and health; the handling, storage, transportation and disposal of hazardous materials, chemicals and other materials used in our manufacturing processes or otherwise generated from our operations; or otherwise relating to the protection of the environment and natural resources. Compliance with these laws and regulations in the United States at the federal, state and local levels may, among other things, require the acquisition of permits to conduct regulated activities; impose specific safety and health criteria addressing worker protection; result in capital expenditures to limit or prevent emissions, discharges and other releases; obligate us to use more stringent precautions for disposal of certain wastes; require reporting of the types and quantities of various substances stored, processed, transported, generated, or released in connection with our operations; or obligate us to incur substantial costs to remediate releases of chemicals or materials to the environment. Foreign countries in which we conduct operations may also have analogous controls that regulate our environmental and worker safety and health-related activities, which controls may impose additional, or more stringent requirements. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations may result in the assessment of sanctions, including administrative, civil and criminal penalties, the imposition of investigatory, remedial or corrective action obligations, the occurrence of restrictions, delays, or cancellations in the permitting or performance of projects, and the issuance of injunctive relief in affected areas. We may be subject to strict, joint and several liability as well as natural resource damages resulting from spills or releases of chemicals or other regulated materials and wastes at our facilities or at offsite locations. For example, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, referred to as “CERCLA” or the
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Superfund law, and comparable state laws, impose liability, potentially without regard to fault or legality of the activity at the time, on certain classes of persons that are considered to be responsible for the release of a hazardous substance into the environment. These persons include the current or former owner or operator of the disposal site or sites where the release occurred and companies that disposed, transported or arranged for the disposal or transport of hazardous substances that have been released at the site. Under CERCLA, these persons may be subject to joint and several liabilities for the costs of investigating and cleaning up hazardous substances that have been released into the environment, for damages to natural resources and for the costs of some health studies. In addition, the federal Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, referred to as “RCRA,” regulates the management and disposal of solid and hazardous waste. Materials we use in the ordinary course of our operations, such as paint wastes and waste solvents may be regulated as hazardous waste under RCRA or considered hazardous substances under CERCLA. It is not uncommon for neighboring landowners and other third parties to file claims for personal injury and property damage allegedly caused by spills or releases that may affect them. As a result of such actions, we could be required to remove previously disposed wastes, remediate environmental contamination, and undertake measures to prevent future contamination, the costs of which could be significant.
Contracts with governmental organizations, including the United States Government, have not been the source of a majority of our revenues in the past. However, we anticipate such sources becoming a more significant portion of our business in the future. Governmental regulations, procurement procedures and budgetary factors could have a material impact on our future results of operations.
The trend in environmental regulation has been to place more restrictions and limitations on activities that may affect the environment and thus any such new laws and regulations, changes in such existing laws and regulations, reinterpretation of such legal requirements, or increased governmental enforcement that result in more stringent and costly waste handling, storage, transport, disposal or cleanup requirements could have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial position. Furthermore, the adoption of laws or implementing regulations with regard to hydraulic fracturing or climate-change that have the effect of lowering the demand for carbon-based fuels or decreasing the performance of oil or natural gas exploration or production activities by energy companies could reduce demand for certain of our products and, as a result, have a material adverse effect on our business. For example, in one of the first acts of his presidency, U.S. President Biden signed an executive order to rejoin the Paris Climate Accord, a voluntary international agreement with the goal of limiting global climate change to not more than 2 degrees Celsius (or less); preparing, maintaining and publishing national greenhouse gas (“GHG”) reduction targets; and creating a “carbon-neutral” world by 2050. The Biden administration has also set ambitious domestic targets for curbing climate change, such as making the U.S. power sector climate neutral by 2035. New regulations aiming to curb carbon emissions or to establish carbon pricing could be promulgated to implement these goals and initiatives. Moreover, the implementation of new or more restrictive regulatory initiatives in response to significant spills by oil and natural gas operators, such as occurred following the Deepwater Horizon incident in 2010, may restrict, delay or decrease the pace of exploration or production activities, whether in the United States or in foreign countries, which may result in a similar decrease in demand for our products and have a material adverse effect on our business.
We are also subject to federal, state, local and foreign worker safety and health laws and regulations, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Act, and emergency planning and response laws and regulations, such as the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, as well as comparable state statutes and any implementing regulations. These laws and regulations obligate us to organize and/or disclose information about certain chemicals and materials used or produced in our operations and to provide this information to employees, state and legal governmental authorities and citizens. Historically, our environmental worker safety and health compliance costs have not had a material adverse effect on our results of operations; however there can be no assurance that such costs will not be material in the future or that such future compliance will not have a material adverse effect on our business or results of operations. For additional information regarding the risk associated with environmental matters, see Item 1A - “Risk Factors.”
Available Information
Our internet address is https://www.mind-technology.com. We file and furnish Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, proxy and information statements, Forms 3, 4 and 5 filed on behalf of directors and executive officers, and amendments to these reports, with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), which are available free of charge through our website as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed with or furnished to the SEC. The SEC also maintains an internet website at https://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding our Company that we file and furnish electronically with the SEC.
We may from time to time provide important disclosures to investors by posting them in the investor relations section of our website, as allowed by SEC rules. Information on our website is not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K or incorporated into any of our other filings with the SEC and you should not consider information on our website as part of this Form 10-K or any of our other filings with the SEC.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
The risks described below could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and the actual outcome of matters as to which forward-looking statements are made in this Form 10-K. The risk factors described below are not the only risks we face. Our business, financial condition and results of operations may also be affected by additional factors that are not currently known to us, that we currently consider immaterial or that are not specific to us, such as general economic conditions. Furthermore, the COVID-19 pandemic (the “global pandemic”) may amplify many of the risks discussed below to which we are subject and, given the unpredictable, unprecedented and fluid nature of the pandemic, it may materially and adversely affect us in ways that are not anticipated by or known to us or that we do not currently consider to present significant risk.
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You should refer to the explanation of the qualifications and limitations on forward-looking statements included under “Cautionary Statements About Forward-Looking Statements” of this Form 10-K. All forward-looking statements made by us are qualified by the risk factors described below.
Risk Related to Our Financial Condition
The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern could impact our ability to obtain capital financing and adversely affect the price of our common stock.
The Company has a history of operating losses and has had negative cash from operating activities in the last two years. In addition, the global pandemic has created significant additional uncertainty and could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations and liquidity. After considering various factors, Management believes that the Company will continue to meet its obligations as the arise over the next 12 months. (See Note 4 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Risk Related to the Operation of Our Business
A limited number of customers account for a significant portion of our revenues and the loss of one of these customers could harm our results of operations.
We typically sell equipment to a relatively small number of customers, the composition of which changes from year to year as customers’ equipment needs vary. Therefore, at any one time, a large portion of our revenues may be derived from a limited number of customers. In fiscal 2021and 2020, our single largest customer accounted for approximately 15% and 12%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues. Together, our five largest customers accounted for approximately 47% of our consolidated revenues in fiscal 2021. There has been consolidation among certain of our customers and this trend may continue. This consolidation could result in the loss of one or more of our customers and could result in a decrease in the demand for our equipment. The demand for our government-related services is generally driven by the level of government program funding. The state of the economy, competing political priorities, public funds and the timing of payment of these funds may influence the amount and timing of spending by our customers who are government agencies. The loss of any one of our largest customers or a sustained decrease in demand by any of such customers could result in a substantial loss of revenues and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
The financial soundness of our customers could materially affect our business and operating results.
If our customers experience financial difficulties or their own customers delay payment to them, they may not be able to pay, or may delay payment of, accounts receivable owed to us. Disruptions in the financial markets or other macro-economic issues, such as volatility in price of oil or other hydrocarbons or a worldwide pandemic, such as COVID-19, could exacerbate financial difficulties for our customers. Any inability of customers to pay us for product and services could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
As of January 31, 2021, we had approximately $5.7 million of gross customer accounts receivable, of which approximately $1.1 million was over 180 days past due. Our allowance for doubtful accounts of $948,000 is substantially related to accounts that are over 180 days past due. For fiscal 2021, we had net charges to our provision for doubtful accounts of approximately $659,000 and $470,000 related to continuing operations and discontinued operations, respectively. For fiscal 2020 we had net charges to our provision for doubtful accounts of approximately zero and $2.0 million related to continuing and discontinued operations, respectively. Significant payment defaults by our customers in excess of our allowance for doubtful accounts would have a material adverse effect on our financial position and results of operations.
We derive a substantial amount of our revenues from foreign operations and sales, which pose additional risks including economic, political and other uncertainties.
We conduct continuing operations on a global scale. Our international continuing operations include locations in Malaysia, the United Kingdom and Singapore. For fiscal 2021 and 2020, approximately 83% and 87%, respectively, of our revenues were attributable to customers in foreign countries.
Our international operations are subject to a number of risks inherent to any business operating in foreign countries, and especially those with emerging markets. As we continue to increase our presence in such countries, our operations will encounter the following risks, among others:

government instability, which can cause investment in capital projects by our potential clients to be withdrawn or delayed, reducing or eliminating the viability of some markets for our services;
potential expropriation, seizure, nationalization or detention of assets;
difficulty in repatriating foreign currency received in excess of local currency requirements;
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fluctuations in foreign currency;
import/export quotas and evolving export license requirements;
civil uprisings, riots and war, which can make it unsafe to continue operations, adversely affect both budgets and schedules and expose us to losses;
availability of suitable personnel and equipment, which can be affected by government policy, or changes in policy, which limit the importation of qualified crewmembers or specialized equipment in areas where local resources are insufficient;
decrees, laws, regulations, interpretation and court decisions under legal systems, which are not always fully developed, and which may be retroactively applied and cause us to incur unanticipated and/or unrecoverable costs as well as delays which may result in real or opportunity costs;
terrorist attacks, including kidnappings of our personnel or those of our customers;
political and economic uncertainties in certain countries which cause delays or cancellation of projects;
the United States or foreign countries could enact legislation or impose regulations or other restrictions, including unfavorable labor regulations, tax policies, tariffs, trade restrictions, or economic sanctions, which could have an adverse effect on our ability to conduct business in or expatriate profits from the countries in which we operate;
environmental conditions and regulatory controls or initiatives in some countries that may impose additional or more stringent requirements than found in the United States and which may not be consistently applied or enforced; and
regulations, laws or emergency measures taken or imposed by the United States or foreign state and local governments and municipalities in response to emergency or crisis situations, including natural disasters or pandemics, such as COVID-19, which could have an adverse effect on our business, our customers or our operations.
We cannot predict the nature and the likelihood of any such events. However, if any of these or other similar events should occur, it could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operation.
Our global operations expose us to risks associated with conducting business internationally, including failure to comply with United States laws that apply to international operations.
Some of our products are subject to export control regulations, including the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (“ITAR”) administered by the U.S. Department of State’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (“DDTC”) and the Export Administration Regulations administered by the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”). We are also subject to foreign assets control and economic sanctions regulations administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”), which restrict or prohibit our ability to transact with certain foreign countries, individuals and entities. Under these regulations, the sale or transfer of certain equipment to a location outside the United States may require prior approval in the form of an export license issued by the BIS or DDTC. Some potential international transactions may also be restricted or prohibited based on the location, nationality or identity of the potential end user, customer or other parties to the transaction or may require prior authorization in the form of an OFAC license. Any delay in obtaining required governmental approvals could affect our ability to conclude a sale or timely commence a project, and the failure to comply with all such controls could result in criminal and/or civil penalties, including fines, imprisonment, denial of export privileges and debarment from contracting with the federal government. These international transactions may otherwise be subject to tariffs and import/export restrictions from the United States or other governments.
We are subject to taxation in many foreign jurisdictions and the final determination of our tax liabilities involves the interpretation of the statutes and requirements of taxing authorities worldwide. Our tax returns are subject to routine examination by taxing authorities, and these examinations may result in assessments of additional taxes, penalties and/or interest.
Our overall success as a global business depends, in part, upon our ability to succeed in differing economic, social and political conditions. We may not continue to succeed in developing and implementing policies and strategies that are effective in each location where we do business, which could negatively affect our profitability.
Due to the international scope of our business activities, our results of operations may be significantly affected by currency fluctuations.
We operate on a global scale and while the majority of our foreign revenues are contracted in U.S. dollars, locally sourced items and expenditures are predominately transacted in local currency. These costs are subject to the risk of taxation policies, expropriation, political turmoil, civil disturbances, armed hostilities, and other geopolitical hazards as well as foreign currency exchange controls (in which payment may not be made in U.S. dollars) and fluctuations.
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United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union (“Brexit”), including the subsequent exchange rate fluctuations and political and economic uncertainties, may have a negative effect on global economic conditions, financial markets and our business.
On January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union. The United Kingdom entered into a new trade agreement with the European Union on December 24, 2020. Despite the December 2020 trade agreement, many potential effects of Brexit remain unclear and pose significant uncertainties in global financial markets and adversely impact the regions in which we and our clients operate. For example, our Seamap facility in the United Kingdom could be subject to higher costs and delays, which could cause disruptions in our delivery schedules to our customers. In the long term, Brexit could also create uncertainty with respect to the legal and regulatory requirements to which we and our customers are subject and lead to divergent national laws and regulations as the United Kingdom government determines which European Union laws to modify or replace. There remains substantial uncertainty surrounding the ultimate effect of Brexit and outcomes could disrupt the markets we serve and the tax jurisdictions in which we operate. Continued adverse consequences, such as deterioration in economic conditions and volatility in currency exchange rates, and the uncertainty surrounding Brexit could have a negative impact on our financial position and results of operations.
We are subject to risks associated with intellectual property.
We rely on a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, and confidentiality procedures, contractual provisions and restrictions on disclosure to protect our intellectual property and proprietary information. We also enter into confidentiality or license agreements with our employees, consultants and corporate partners to protect our proprietary information, and control access to and distribution of our design information, documentation and other proprietary information. Despite our efforts, these measures may not be sufficient to prevent infringement of our patents, copyrights, and trademarks or wrongful misappropriation of our proprietary information and technology. In addition, for technology that is not covered by a patent, these measures will not prevent competitors from independently developing technologies that are substantially equivalent or superior to our technology. The laws of many foreign countries may not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States, and potential adverse decisions by judicial or administrative bodies in foreign countries could impact our international businesses. Failure to protect proprietary information could result in, among other things, loss of competitive advantage, loss of customer orders and decreased revenues.
Although we believe that we have appropriate procedures and safeguards to help ensure that we do not violate a third party’s intellectual property rights, we may unknowingly and inadvertently take action that is inconsistent with a third party’s intellectual property rights. Consequently, we may be subject to litigation and may be required to defend against claimed infringements of the rights of third parties or to determine the scope and validity of the proprietary rights of third parties. Any such litigation could be time consuming, costly and divert management’s attention from operations. In addition, adverse determinations in such litigation could, among other things:
result in the loss of our proprietary rights to use the technology;
subject us to significant liabilities;
require us to seek licenses from third parties;
require us to redesign the products that use the technology; and
prevent us from manufacturing or selling our products that incorporate the technology.
If we are forced to take any of the foregoing actions, our business may be materially adversely affected. Any litigation to protect our intellectual property or to defend ourselves against the claims of others could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and may not ultimately be successful.
Products we develop, manufacture and sell may be subject to performance or reliability risks.
The production of new products with high technology content involves occasional problems while the technology and manufacturing methods mature. If significant reliability or quality problems develop, including those due to faulty components, a number of negative effects on our business could result, including:
costs associated with reworking the manufacturing processes;
high service and warranty expenses;
high inventory obsolescence expense;
high levels of product returns;
delays in collecting accounts receivable;
reduced orders from existing customers; and
declining interest from potential customers.
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Although we maintain accruals for product warranties as we deem necessary, actual costs could exceed these amounts. From time to time, there may be interruptions or delays in the activation of products at a customer’s site. These interruptions or delays may result from product performance problems or from aspects of the installation and activation activities, some of which are outside our control. If we experience significant interruptions or delays that cannot be promptly resolved, confidence in our products could be undermined, which could have a material adverse effect on our operations.
We may not be successful in implementing and maintaining technology and product development and enhancements. New technology and product developments may cause us to become less competitive.
New seismic data acquisition and sonar technologies may be developed. New and enhanced products and services introduced by a competitor may gain market acceptance and, if not available to us, may adversely affect us. If we choose the wrong technology, or if our competitors select a superior technology, we could lose our existing customers and be unable to attract new customers, which would harm our business and operations.
The markets for our products and services are characterized by changing technology and new product introductions. Our business could suffer from unexpected developments in technology, from our failure to adapt to these changes or from necessary capital expenditures to respond to technological introductions or obsolescence. In addition, the preferences and requirements of customers can change rapidly.
Our business exposes us to various technological risks, including the following:
technology obsolescence;
required capital expenditures on new technology;
dependence upon continued growth of the market for marine seismic data equipment; and
difficulties inherent in forecasting advancements in technologies.
Our inability to develop and implement new technologies or products on a timely basis and at competitive cost could have a material adverse effect on our financial position and results of operations.
We are subject to risks related to the availability and reliability of component parts used in the manufacture of our products.
We depend on a limited number of suppliers for some components of our products, as well as for equipment used to design and test our products. Certain components used in our products may be available from a sole source or limited number of vendors. If these suppliers were to limit or reduce the sale of such components to us, or if these suppliers were to experience financial difficulties or other problems that prevented them from supplying us with the necessary components, these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. These sole source and other suppliers are each subject to quality and performance issues, materials shortages, excess demand, reduction in capacity and other factors that may disrupt the flow of goods to us; thereby adversely affecting our business and customer relationships. Some of the sole source and limited source vendors are companies who, from time to time, may allocate parts to equipment manufacturers due to market demand for components and equipment. We have no guaranteed supply arrangements with our suppliers and there can be no assurance that our suppliers will continue to meet our requirements. Many of our competitors are much larger and may be able to obtain priority allocations from these shared vendors, thereby limiting or making our sources of supply unreliable for these components. If our supply arrangements are interrupted, there can be no assurance that we would be able to find another supplier on a timely or satisfactory basis. Any delay in component availability for any of our products could result in delays in deployment of these products and in our ability to recognize revenues.
If we are unable to obtain a sufficient supply of components from alternative sources, reduced supplies and higher prices of components will significantly limit our ability to meet scheduled product deliveries to customers. A delay in receiving certain components or the inability to receive certain components could harm our customer relationships and our results of operations.
Failures of components affect the reliability and performance of our products, can reduce customer confidence in our products, and may adversely affect our financial performance. From time to time, we may experience delays in receipt of components and may receive components that do not perform according to their specifications. Any future difficulty in obtaining sufficient and timely delivery of components could result in delays or reductions in product shipments that could harm our business. In addition, a consolidation among suppliers of these components or adverse developments in their businesses that affect their ability to meet our supply demands could adversely impact the availability of components that we depend on. Delayed deliveries from these sources could adversely affect our business.
A global shortage of key components, such as semiconductors, can disrupt production.
If there is a shortage of a key component and the component cannot be easily sourced from a different supplier, the shortage could disrupt our production activities. Wafers are a key component in the production of semiconductors. Wafers have a long production lead time, sometimes up to 30 weeks, which further elevates the shortage. Various factors, including increased demand for consumer electronics, shutdowns due to COVID-19 and long lead times for wafer production, are contributing to the shortage of semiconductors. A shortage of key components such as semiconductors may cause a significant disruption to our production activities, which could have a substantial adverse effect on its financial condition or results of operations.
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We rely on a small number of suppliers and disruption in vendor supplies could adversely affect our results of operations.
We purchase many of the components used in our manufacturing from a small number of suppliers. Should our relationships with our suppliers deteriorate, we may have difficulty in obtaining new technology required by our customers and maintaining our existing equipment in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications. In addition, we may, from time to time, experience supply or quality control problems with suppliers, and these problems could significantly affect our ability to meet delivery schedules or other contractual commitments. Also, our suppliers could experience significant cash flow issues or otherwise be negatively impacted by current or future global economic conditions. Please read risk factor “We face risks related to health epidemics and other outbreaks, including the recent spread of COVID-19 or novel coronavirus, or fear of such an event” below for a discussion of recent disruptions relating to the recent global pandemic. Reliance on certain suppliers, as well as industry supply conditions, generally involve several risks, including the possibility of a shortage or a lack of availability of key products and increases in product costs and reduced control over delivery schedules; any of these events could adversely affect our future results of operations.
We rely on contractors and subcontractors for certain projects, which could affect our results of operations and reputation.
We may rely on contractors and subcontractors to complete certain projects. The quality and timing of production and services by our contractors and subcontractors is not totally under our control. Reliance on contractors and subcontractors gives us less control over a project and exposes us to significant risks, including late delivery, substandard quality and high costs. In addition, we may be jointly and severally liable for a contractor or subcontractor’s actions or contract performance. The failure of our contractors or subcontractors to deliver quality products or services in a timely manner could adversely affect our profitability and reputation.
Increases in tariffs, trade restrictions, or taxes on our supplies and products could have an adverse impact on our business.
We purchase a portion of our supplies from suppliers in China and other foreign countries. The commerce we conduct in the international marketplace makes us subject to tariffs, trade restrictions and other taxes when the supplies that we purchase, and the products we ship, cross international borders. Trade tensions between the United States and China, as well as those between the United States and Canada, Mexico and other countries have been escalating in recent years. Trade tensions have led to a series of tariffs imposed by the United States on imports from China, as well as retaliatory tariffs imposed by China on imports from the United States. We believe that certain supplies we purchase from China and other international suppliers could become subject to tariffs that could increase our operation costs. Products we sell into certain foreign markets could also become subject to similar retaliatory tariffs, making the products we sell uncompetitive to similar products not subjected to such import tariffs. Further changes in United States trade policies, tariffs, taxes, export restrictions or other trade barriers or restrictions, may limit our ability to produce products, increase our manufacturing costs, decrease our profit margins, reduce the competitiveness of our products, or inhibit our ability to sell products or purchase supplies, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial conditions.
We are subject to risks related to maintaining appropriate inventory levels.
We are exposed to risks relating to effectively maintaining inventory levels. Changes in product demand, product pricing, defective components and other factors can impact the appropriate level of inventories. We attempt to accurately predict these trends in order to avoid shortages, excesses or obsolete inventory. However, any of the factors above may adversely affect our operating results.
Our quarterly operating results may be subject to significant fluctuations.
Individual orders for many of our products can be relatively significant and delivery requirements can be sporadic. Accordingly, our operating results for a particular quarter can be materially impacted by the absence or presence of such significant orders.
These periodic fluctuations in our operating results could adversely affect our stock price.
We face significant competition for our products and services.
We have several competitors who provide similar products and services, many of which have substantially greater financial resources than our own. There are also several smaller competitors that, in the aggregate, generate significant revenues from the sale or lease of products similar to those we offer. Some competitors may offer a broader range of instruments and equipment for sale or lease than we do and may offer financing arrangements to customers on terms that we may not be able to match. In addition, new competitors may enter the market and competition could intensify. We cannot assure you that revenue from our products will continue at current volumes or prices if current competitors or new market entrants introduce new products with better features, performance, price or other characteristics than our products. Competitive pressures or other factors may also result in significant price competition that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
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Our revenues are subject to fluctuations that are beyond our control, which could materially adversely affect our results of operations in a given financial period.
Projects awarded to and scheduled by our customers can be delayed or canceled due to factors that are outside of their control, which can affect the demand for our products and services. These factors include the following:
inclement weather conditions, natural disasters or pandemics, including the recent global pandemic;
difficulties in obtaining permits and licenses;
labor or political unrest;
delays in obtaining access rights;
availability of required equipment;
security concerns;
budgetary or financial issues;
macroeconomic and industry conditions; and
delays in payments to our customers from their clients.
Capital requirements for our business strategy can be large. If we are unable to finance these requirements, we may not be able to maintain our competitive advantage or execute our strategy.
We have historically funded our capital requirements with cash generated from operations, cash reserves, issuance of preferred and common stock and proceeds from the sale of assets. Our capital requirements may continue to increase. If we were to expand our operations at a rate exceeding operating cash flow, or current demand or pricing of our services were to decrease substantially or if technical advances or competitive pressures required us to acquire new equipment faster than our cash flow could sustain, additional financing could be required. Access to global financial markets and the terms under which capital is available can be uncertain and volatile. Furthermore, due to the historically cyclical nature of the energy business in general, and the seismic industry in particular, capital for businesses in this industry can be even more difficult and expensive to obtain.
On May 5, 2020, the Company, and its wholly owned subsidiary, Klein (collectively, the “Borrowers”), were granted loans (the “Loans” or “PPP Loans”) from Bank of America, N.A. in the aggregate amount of approximately $1.6 million, pursuant to the Small Business Association's Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”), a component of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act which was enacted on March 27, 2020. Under the terms of the PPP, funds from the Loans may only be used for payroll costs, rent, utilities and interest on other debt obligations incurred prior to February 15, 2020. In addition, certain amounts of the Loan may be forgiven if the funds are used to pay qualifying expenses. In January 2021, we received confirmation that 100% of the PPP Loan granted to the Company had been forgiven and in February 2021 we received confirmation that 100% of the PPP Loan granted to Klein had been forgiven. See Note 13 - “Notes Payable” to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional details.
Through January 31, 2021, we have issued 1,038,232 shares of 9.00% Series A Cumulative Preferred Stock, par value $1.00 per share, with a liquidation preference of $25.00 per share (the “Series A Preferred Stock”). As of January 31, 2021, under our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, we had 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock authorized. We cannot predict the availability, size or price of any future issuances of preferred or common stock or other instruments convertible into equity, and the effect, if any, that such future issuances and sales will have on the market price of our securities. Any additional issuances of preferred or common stock or securities convertible into, or exercisable or exchangeable for, such stock may ultimately result in dilution to the holders of stock, dilution in our future earnings per share and may have a material adverse effect upon the market price of the stock of the Company.
Due to these factors, we cannot be certain that funding will be available if and when needed and to the extent required, on acceptable terms or at all. If funding is not available when needed, or is available only on unfavorable terms, we may be unable to grow our existing business, complete acquisitions or otherwise take advantage of business opportunities or respond to competitive pressures, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Access to working capital and letters of credit may be limited.
From time to time, we may require access to working capital to meet overhead costs and operational expenditures, finance inventory purchases, to provide letters of credit or bankers’ guarantees to certain customers. For the past several years we have not had a credit facility in place, and have used cash generated from our operations, sale of lease pool equipment and sale of our Series A preferred stock to meet our working capital needs. There is no assurance that we will be able to negotiate a credit facility or continue to meet working capital needs with cash generated from our operations, sale of lease pool equipment or sale of our Series A preferred stock or common stock. Many commercial banks in the United States have undertaken to reduce their exposure to companies engaged in oil and gas related activities, which f limits our ability to obtain working capital financing. Should we not have access to adequate working capital financing, we may not be able to pursue or complete some business opportunities or maintain and appropriate level of working capital to meet our overhead costs and operational expenditures. Further, our failure to meet our projected financial results or achieve projected revenues and cash flows could lead to cash flow and working capital constraints that could limit our ability to meet the day-to-day needs of our business. If our cash flows and capital
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resources are insufficient to fund our operations, we may be forced to reduce or delay capital expenditures, sell assets, or seek additional capital, which may not be available on terms acceptable to us, or at all. Our inability to generate or access working capital could have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial condition.
Our long-lived assets may be subject to impairment.
We periodically assess our long-lived assets and other intangible assets for impairment. If the future cash flows anticipated to be generated from these assets falls below net book value, we may be required to write down the value of our long-lived assets. If we are forced to write down the value of our long-lived assets, these noncash asset impairments could negatively affect our results of operations in the period in which they are recorded. In fiscal 2021 and 2020 we recognized impairment charges of approximately $2.5 million and $760,000, respectively, related to certain intangible assets. See the discussion included in Item 7 - “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Critical Accounting Policies - Long-Lived Assets.”
Enactment of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES” Act) and final regulations relating to and interpretations of provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJA”) may vary from our current interpretation of such legislation and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
The United States federal income tax legislation enacted (i) on March 27, 2020, commonly referred to as the CARES Act, and (ii) on December 22, 2017, commonly referred to as the TCJA, are highly complex and subject to interpretation. The presentation of our financial position and results of operations is based upon our current interpretation of the provisions contained in both the CARES Act and the TCJA. In the future, the Treasury Department and the Internal Revenue Service could issue final regulations and additional interpretive guidance with respect to the provisions of the CARES Act and TCJA. Any significant variance of our current interpretation of such provisions from any future final regulations or interpretive guidance could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Failure to comply with anti-bribery statutes, such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) and the UK Bribery Act of 2010 (the “UK Bribery Act”), could result in fines, criminal penalties, and other sanctions, and may adversely affect our business and operations.
The FCPA and the UK Bribery Act, and similar anti bribery laws in other jurisdictions, generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. We and our local partners operate in many parts of the world that have experienced governmental corruption to some degree and, in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. If we are found to be liable for violations under the FCPA, the UK Bribery Act or other similar laws, either due to our acts or omissions or due to the acts or omissions of others, including our local or strategic partners, we could suffer from civil and criminal penalties or other sanctions, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition. In addition, investors could negatively view potential violations, inquiries or allegations of misconduct under the FCPA, the UK Bribery Act or similar laws, which could adversely affect our reputation and the market for our shares. We also may be subject to competitive disadvantages to the extent that our competitors are able to secure business, licenses or other preferential treatment by making payments to government officials and others in positions of influence or using other methods that U.S. law and regulations prohibit us from using.
We could also face fines, sanctions and other penalties from authorities in the relevant jurisdictions, including prohibition of our participating in or curtailment of business operations in those jurisdictions or the seizure of assets. We could face other third party claims by agents, stockholders, debt holders, or other interest holders or constituents of our company. Further, disclosure of the subject matter of any investigation could adversely affect our reputation and our ability to obtain new business from potential customers or retain existing business from our current customers, to attract and retain employees and to access the capital markets. Our customers in relevant jurisdictions could seek to impose penalties or take other actions adverse to our interests, and we may be required to dedicate significant time and resources to investigate and resolve allegations of misconduct, regardless of the merit of such allegations.
We are subject to a variety of environmental and worker safety and health laws and regulations that could increase our costs of compliance and impose significant liabilities.
We are subject to stringent governmental laws and regulations both in the United States and in foreign countries relating to worker safety and health, protection of the environment and natural resources, and the handling of chemicals and materials used in our manufacturing processes as well as the recycling and disposal of wastes generated by those processes. For additional information regarding costs and liabilities associated with environmental or worker safety and health matters, see Item 1 - “Regulation - Governmental and Environmental Regulation.” Compliance with or continuing to be subject to these applicable laws and regulations could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. In addition, increased environmental regulation of oil and gas exploration and production activities, whether in the United States or in any of the other countries in which our customers operate could cause them to incur increased costs or restrict, delay or cancel drilling, exploration or production programs or associated hydraulic fracturing activities, which in turn could result in reduced demand for our products and services and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
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Use of our equipment in marine environments may be regulated or require a permit or other authorization from United States or foreign governmental agencies. The implementation of new or more restrictive laws or regulatory requirements to protect marine species, or the designation of previously unprotected species as threatened or endangered, could have an adverse effect on the demand for our products or services.
Climate change laws and regulations restricting emissions of “greenhouse gases” could result in reduced demand for oil and natural gas, thereby adversely affecting our business, while the physical effects of climate change could disrupt our manufacturing of equipment and cause us to incur significant costs in preparing for or responding to those effects.
In the United States, the U.S. Congress and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”), in addition to some state and regional authorities, have in recent years considered legislation or regulations to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases (“GHGs”). These efforts have included consideration of cap-and-trade programs, carbon taxes, GHG reporting, permitting, and tracking programs, and regulations that directly limit GHG emissions from certain sources. In the absence of federal GHG-limiting legislation, the EPA has determined that GHG emissions present a danger to public health and the environment and has adopted regulations that, among other things, restrict emissions of GHGs under existing provisions of the U.S. Clean Air Act and may require the installation of “best available control technology” to limit emissions of GHGs from certain new or significantly modified facilities emitting large volumes of GHGs together with other criteria pollutants. In addition, the EPA has adopted regulations requiring monitoring and annual reporting of GHG emissions from certain sources, including, among others, certain onshore and offshore oil and natural gas production facilities. In 2016, the EPA finalized new regulations that set emission standards for methane and other volatile organic compounds for new and modified oil and natural gas production and natural gas processing and transmission facilities, known as New Source Performance Standards (“NSPS”) Subpart OOOOa. Although EPA subsequently withdrew these requirements for certain sectors of the oil and gas industry, and the ultimate scope of these rules is uncertain due to ongoing court challenges of the rules and any potential changes to the rules by U.S. President Biden’s Administration, the bulk of NSPS Subpart OOOOa is currently in effect. Also, many of the other countries where we and our customers operate, including Canada and various countries in Europe, have adopted or are considering GHG reduction measures similar to those described above. Such measures, or any similar future proposals, have the potential to increase costs for the oil and gas industry, which in turn could result in reduced demand for the products and services we provide. Although it is not possible at this time to predict how legislation or new regulations or other initiatives that may be adopted to address GHG emissions would impact our business, any such future laws, regulations or other legal requirements imposing reporting or permitting obligations on, or limiting emissions of GHGs from oil and gas exploration and production activities could have an adverse effect on the demand for our products and services.
In addition, spurred by increasing concerns regarding climate change, the oil and gas industry faces growing demand for corporate transparency and a demonstrated commitment to sustainability goals. Environmental, social, and governance (“ESG”) goals and programs, which typically include extralegal targets related to environmental stewardship, social responsibility, and corporate governance, have become an increasing focus of investors and shareholders across the industry. While reporting on ESG metrics remains voluntary, access to capital and investors is likely to favor companies with robust ESG programs in place. Ultimately, these initiatives could increase operational costs and make it more difficult for companies, including our current and potential customers, to secure funding for exploration and production activities and, thus, reduce demand for our products and services.
Finally, increasing concentrations of GHGs in the Earth’s atmosphere may produce climate changes that have significant physical effects, such as increased frequency and severity of storms, hurricanes, floods, drought and other climatic events. If any such climatic events were to occur, they could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations and the financial condition and operations of our customers. Notwithstanding potential risks related to climate change, the International Energy Agency estimates that oil and gas will continue to represent a substantial major share of global energy use through 2030, and other private sector studies project continued growth in demand for the next two decades. However, recent activism directed at shifting funding away from companies with energy-related assets could result in limitations or restrictions on certain sources of funding for the energy sector.
The results of the 2020 U.S. presidential and congressional elections may create regulatory uncertainty for our industry. Changes in environmental laws could increase costs and harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Joe Biden's victory in the U.S. presidential election, as well as a closely divided Congress, may create regulatory uncertainty in our industry. During his first weeks in office, President Biden has issued several executive orders promoting various programs and initiatives designed to, among other things, curtail climate change and control the release of methane. It remains unclear what additional actions President Biden will take and what support he will have for any potential legislative changes from Congress. Further, it is uncertain to what extent any new environmental laws or regulations, or any repeal of existing environmental laws or regulations, may affect the operations of our customers and the demand for our products. While management believes our international footprint helps minimize the impact of any regional or country-specific impact, such actions could increase our operating costs, which could materially harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our business could be negatively affected by security threats, including cybersecurity threats, and other disruptions.
We rely heavily on information systems to conduct and protect our business. As a result, we face various security threats, including cybersecurity threats to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information or to render data or systems unusable, threats to the security of our facilities, and threats from terrorist acts. The potential for such security threats subjects our operations to increased risks that could have a material adverse effect on our business. In particular, our implementation of various procedures and controls to monitor and mitigate security
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threats and to increase security for our information, facilities and infrastructure may result in increased capital and operating costs. Moreover, there can be no assurance that such procedures and controls will be sufficient to prevent security breaches from occurring. If any of these security breaches were to occur, they could lead to losses of sensitive information, critical infrastructure or capabilities essential to our operations and could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Since the outbreak of the global pandemic and continuing through the beginning of fiscal 2022, we have allowed our employees to work from home according to shelter in place rules put forth by their local governments. As a result, we may have increased cybersecurity and data security risks, due to increased use of home Wi-Fi networks and virtual private networks. The United States Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency has warned that cybercriminals will take advantage of the disruption and uncertainty created by the global pandemic in their cyberattacks. While we continue to implement information technology controls to reduce the risk of a cybersecurity or data security breach, there is no guarantee that these measures will be adequate to safeguard all systems with an increased number of employees working remotely.
Cybersecurity attacks in particular are becoming more sophisticated and include, but are not limited to, malicious software, attempts to gain unauthorized access to data, and other electronic security breaches that could lead to disruptions in critical systems, disruption of our customers’ operations, loss or damage to our data delivery systems, unauthorized release of confidential or otherwise protected information, corruption of data, and increased costs to prevent, respond to or mitigate cybersecurity events. In addition, certain cyber incidents, such as advanced persistent threats, may remain undetected for an extended period. Our technologies, systems and networks, and those of our vendors, suppliers and other business partners, may become the target of cyberattacks or information security breaches. Although we have taken measures to prevent cybersecurity attacks and respond to cyber incidents, these measures may not be sufficient to prevent or recover from cyberattacks or information security breaches. Although we maintain insurance coverage to protect against cybersecurity risks, we cannot ensure that it will be sufficient to cover any particular losses we may experience as a result of such cyberattacks. These events could damage our reputation and lead to financial losses from remedial actions, loss of business, increased protection costs, regulatory action or potential liability.
Our business could be negatively affected by data protection and privacy laws that carry fines and may expose us to criminal sanctions and civil suits.
Several jurisdictions in which we operate (including certain U.S. states, Europe and Canada) may have laws governing how we must respond to a cyber incident that results in the unauthorized access, disclosure or loss of personal data. Additionally, new laws and regulations governing data privacy and unauthorized disclosure of confidential information, including international comprehensive data privacy regulations such as the European Union General Data Protection Regulation and recent California legislation (which, among other things, provides for a private right of action), pose increasingly complex compliance challenges and could potentially elevate our costs over time. Although our business does not involve large-scale processing of personal information, our business involves collection, uses and other processing of personal data of our employees, contractors, suppliers and service providers. As legislation continues to develop and cyber incidents continue to evolve, we will likely be required to expend significant resources to continue to modify or enhance our protective measures to comply with such legislation and to detect, investigate and remediate vulnerabilities to cyber incidents. Any failure by us, or a company we acquire, to comply with such laws and regulations could result in reputational harm, loss of goodwill, penalties, liabilities and/or mandated changes in our business practices.
We may grow through acquisitions and our failure to properly plan and manage those acquisitions may adversely affect our performance.
We plan to expand not only through organic growth but may also do so through the strategic acquisition of companies and assets. We must plan and manage any acquisitions effectively to achieve revenue growth and maintain profitability in our evolving market. If we fail to manage acquisitions effectively, our results of operations could be adversely affected.
Our growth has placed, and is expected to continue to place, significant demands on our personnel, management and other resources. We must continue to improve our operational, financial, management, legal compliance and information systems to keep pace with the growth of our business.
Any future acquisitions could present a number of risks, including but not limited to:
incorrect assumptions regarding the future results of acquired operations or assets or expected cost reductions or other synergies expected to be realized as a result of acquiring operations or assets;
unknown liabilities or other unforeseen obligations of any company we may acquire, which may not be identified in the course of or due diligence;
failure to integrate the operations or management of any acquired operations or assets successfully and timely;
diversion of management’s attention from existing operations or other priorities;
increased competition for acquisition opportunities, in turn increasing our cost of making further acquisitions or causing us to refrain from making additional acquisitions; and
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our inability to secure sufficient financing, on terms we find acceptable, that may be required for any such acquisition or investment.
In addition, we may not be able to identify suitable acquisition or strategic investment opportunities. We may incur expenses associated with sourcing, evaluating and negotiating acquisitions (including those that we do not complete), and we may also pay fees and expenses associated with financing acquisitions to investment banks and other advisors. Any of these amounts may be substantial, and together with the size, timing and number of acquisitions we pursue, may negatively affect and cause significant volatility in our financial results.
Encountering any of these or any unforeseen problems in completing acquisitions could have a material adverse effect on our ability to compete, financial condition and results of operations, and could prevent us from achieving the increases in revenues and profitability that we hope to realize through acquisitions.
Our failure to properly develop and manage strategic initiatives may adversely affect our financial position and results of operations.

We have initiated, and may in the future initiate, strategic initiatives in order to focus and expand our product offerings. The initiatives we have initiated include (i) the development of side-scan sonar systems specifically for unmanned vehicles, including integration of our MA-XTM technology; (ii) the development of SAS sonar systems in cooperation with a major European defense contractor; (iii) the application of our SeaLink solid streamer technology to passive sonar arrays for use in maritime security applications, such as anti-submarine warfare; and (iv) disposition of our Leasing Business. There can be no assurance that we will realize the anticipated benefits of such initiatives or that any of the strategic initiatives will ultimately have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations. The pursuit of the strategic initiatives presents a number of risks, including but not limited to, the length of development, increased competition, the diversion of management’s attention from existing operations or other priorities, the unavailability of equipment, budget limitations and the ability to sell our lease pool equipment on favorable terms, if at all, all of which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Risks Related to the Global Pandemic
We face risks related to health epidemics and other outbreaks, including the recent spread of COVID-19 or novel coronavirus, or fear of such an event.
Our business could be adversely affected by a widespread outbreak of contagious disease, including the recent outbreak of respiratory illness caused by the global pandemic. The global pandemic has impacted countries and communities where we have facilities and employees, as well as those where our suppliers and customers have operations. We are continuing to monitor the situation and take the steps deemed necessary to mitigate risks to us, our employees, business associates and communities.
We were required to temporarily shut-down our facilities in Malaysia and Singapore on March 17, 2020 and April 7, 2020, respectively. The Malaysia facility was reopened on April 21, 2020 with approximately 50% of its normal staff and resumed operations with 100% of its employees on May 4, 2020. In Singapore, we were able to continue limited shipping and receiving operations during the shutdown and were able to resume manufacturing operations on June 1, 2020. Both facilities continue to operate at essentially full capacity. However, the ability of management to travel between Singapore and Malaysia continues to be restricted.
Our other facilities have been allowed to operate, although at reduced efficiencies as certain employees have worked remotely. Furthermore, travel restrictions resulting from the global pandemic have impacted our ability to visit customers, conduct product demonstrations and visit our various operating locations. These disruptions have had, and we expect they will continue to have, a negative effect on our business; however, the duration and magnitude of these disruptions are uncertain. We cannot predict whether there will be additional closures at any of our facilities, or other interruptions or impact to our business activities from the spread of global pandemic. Furthermore, our reliance on third-party suppliers, contract manufacturers, and service providers exposes us to possibility of further delay or interruption of our operations. We are unable to accurately predict the continuing impact that the global pandemic will have on our business due to various uncertainties, including the severity and transmission rate of the virus and any new variants of the virus, the extent and effectiveness of containment actions, the long-term efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines and actions that may be taken by governmental authorities in the countries and communities where we, our suppliers, or our customers have operations the impact of these and other factors on our employees, suppliers and customers.
Furthermore, the global pandemic also raises the possibility of an extended global economic downturn and has caused volatility in financial markets, which could affect demand for our products and impact our financial condition and results of operations even after the pandemic is fully contained. For example, if a customer’s financial difficulties become severe, the customer may be unwilling or unable to pay our invoices in the ordinary course of business, which could adversely affect collections of both our accounts receivable and unbilled services. We continue to monitor the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our cash flows and on the credit and financial markets.
If there are extended or additional facility closures, or other interruptions to our business, including as a result of impact on third-party suppliers, contract manufacturers and service providers, related to the global pandemic, such disruptions could have a material adverse impact on our liquidity, financial condition, and results of operations.
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Risk Related to Our Common Stock
Our stock price is subject to volatility.
Stock prices, including our stock price, have been volatile from time to time. Stock price volatility could adversely affect our business operations by, among other things, impeding our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel and to obtain additional financing.
In addition to the other risk factors discussed in this section, the price and volume volatility of our common stock may be affected by:

operating results that vary from the expectations of securities analysts and investors;
the operating and securities price performance of companies that investors or analysts consider comparable to us;
announcements of strategic developments, acquisitions and other material events by us or our competitors; and
changes in global financial markets and global economies and general market conditions, such as interest rates, commodity and equity prices and the value of financial assets.

To the extent that the price of our common stock remains at lower levels or it declines further, our ability to raise funds through the issuance of equity or otherwise use our common stock as consideration will be reduced. In addition, increases in our leverage may make it more difficult for us to access additional capital. These factors may limit our ability to implement our operating and growth plans
We may not be able to maintain our listing on the NASDAQ Global Select Market (“NASDAQ”), which could have a material adverse effect on us and our stockholders.
The standards for continued listing on NASDAQ include, among other things, that the minimum bid price for the listed securities not fall below $1.00 for a period in excess of thirty consecutive business days. During the months of March, April, and May of 2020 our common stock periodically traded at levels below $1.00 per share, but never for thirty consecutive days. Subsequently, the price recovered from those levels. However, if the closing bid price of our common stock were to fail to meet NASDAQ’s minimum closing bid price requirement, or if we otherwise fail to meet any other applicable requirements of NASDAQ and we are unable to regain compliance, NASDAQ may make a determination to delist our common stock. The delisting of our common stock from NASDAQ could negatively impact us by (i) reducing the liquidity and market price of our common stock; (ii) reducing the number of investors willing to hold or acquire our common stock, which could negatively impact our ability to raise equity financing; (iii) impacting our ability to use a registration statement to offer and sell freely tradable securities, thereby preventing or limiting us from accessing the public capital markets; and (iv) impairing our ability to provide equity incentives to our employees.
Because we do not currently pay any dividends on our common stock, investors must look solely to stock appreciation for a return on their investment in us.
We have not paid cash dividends on our common stock since our incorporation and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We currently intend to retain any future earnings attributable to our common stock to support our operations and growth. Any payment of cash dividends on our common stock in the future will be dependent on the amount of funds legally available, our financial condition, capital requirements and other factors that our Board of Directors may deem relevant. Accordingly, investors must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investment.
We may issue debt or equity securities with rights senior to that of our common stock in liquidation which could dilute or negatively affect the value of our common stock.
As of January 31, 2021, 1,038,232 shares of the Series A Preferred Stock were outstanding, with a liquidation preference of $25.00 per share. The Company has 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock authorized. The preferred stock may be issued in multiple series with various terms, as authorized by the Company’s Board of Directors. The Series A Preferred Stock has a liquidation preference senior to that of our common stock. In order to raise additional capital, in the future, we may issue other debt securities or equity securities with a liquidation preference senior to that of our common stock. In the event of our liquidation, our lenders and holders of our debt and preferred securities could receive a distribution of our available assets before distributions to the holders of our common stock. The issuance of these securities could dilute or negatively affect the value of our common stock.
Provisions in our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Delaware law could discourage a takeover attempt, which may reduce or eliminate the likelihood of a change of control transaction and, therefore, the ability of our stockholders to sell their shares for a premium.
Provisions of our certificate of incorporation and the Delaware General Corporation Law may tend to delay, defer or prevent a potential unsolicited offer or takeover attempt that is not approved by our board of directors but that our stockholders might consider to be in
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their best interest, including an attempt that might result in stockholders receiving a premium over the market price for their shares. Because our board of directors is authorized to issue preferred stock with preferences and rights as it determines, it may afford the holders of any series of preferred stock preferences, rights or voting powers superior to those of the holders of common stock.
In addition, we are governed by Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law which, subject to some specified exceptions, prohibits “business combinations” between a Delaware corporation and an “interested stockholder,” which is generally defined as a stockholder who becomes a beneficial owner of 15% or more of a Delaware corporation’s voting stock, for a three-year period following the date that the stockholder became an interested stockholder. Section 203 could have the effect of delaying, deferring, or preventing a change in control that our stockholders might consider to be in their best interests.
Failure to establish and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting could adversely affect our financial results.
It is management’s responsibility to establish and maintain effective internal control in order to provide reasonable assurance regarding the financial reporting soundness for external purposes. Internal control over financial reporting is not intended to impart absolute assurance that the Company can prevent or detect misstatements of its financial statement or fraud due to its inherent limitations.
As of January 31, 2020, the Company’s executive officers determined that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was not effective due to an identified material weakness. The material weakness involved the Company’s review controls over significant estimates. The Company failed to detect an error related to our provision for doubtful accounts identified by the Company’s auditors during the audit of our financial statements for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2020. During fiscal 2021 management implemented certain remediation procedures and as of January 31, 2021, management has determined that such controls are effective.
A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. If the current material weakness is not remediated, or if additional material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting are discovered or occur in the future, the Company’s consolidated financial statements may contain material misstatements and the Company could be required to restate its financial results. The failure to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting could limit the Company’s ability to report its financial results accurately and in a timely manner or to detect and prevent fraud and could also cause a loss of investor confidence and decline in the market price of the Company’s common stock. See further discussion of the material weakness, including the Company's planned remediation procedures, in Item 9A.- "Controls and Procedures."
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None.
Item 2. Properties
We occupy the following principal facilities, which we believe are adequately utilized for our continuing operations:
LocationType of FacilitySize
(in square feet)
Owned or
Leased
Huntsville, TexasOffice and
warehouse
25,000 (on six
acres)
Owned
The Woodlands, TexasOffice3,500Leased
SingaporeOffice and
warehouse
35,000Leased
Shepton Mallet, United KingdomOffice and
warehouse
16,600Leased
Iskandar Puteri, Johor, MalaysiaOffice and
warehouse
76,700Leased
Salem, New HampshireOffice and
warehouse
57,900 (on
23.6 acres)
Owned
We do not believe that any single property is material to our operations and, if necessary, we could readily obtain a replacement facility. Approximately 21,000 square feet of the facility in Salem, New Hampshire is subleased to unrelated third parties.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
From time to time, we are a party to legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. We are not currently a party to any legal proceedings that we believe could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
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PART II
Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Market Information for Common Stock
Our common stock is traded on NASDAQ under the symbol “MIND.” As of April 13, 2021, there were approximately 3,500 beneficial holders of our common stock.
Dividend Policy
We have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock since our inception and our Board of Directors does not contemplate the payment of cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. In the future, our payment of dividends on our common stock will depend on the amount of funds available, our financial condition, capital requirements and such other factors as our Board of Directors may consider.
As of April 13, 2021, there were 1,038,232 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding with a liquidation preference of $25.00 per share. The quarterly dividends on the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock are approximately $577,000. However, in response to unexpected demands on our liquidity, we could suspend the quarterly dividend on the Series A Preferred Stock.
As of January 31, 2021, we had deposits in foreign banks equal to approximately $2.8 million. These funds may generally be transferred to our accounts in the United States without restriction. However, in certain cases the transfer of these funds may result in withholding taxes payable to foreign taxing authorities. These factors could limit our ability to pay cash dividends in the future.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities
None.
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
Neither we, nor any affiliated purchaser, purchased any of our equity securities during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Not required under Item 301 of Regulation S-K, for smaller reporting companies.
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview

Historically, we have operated in two segments, Marine Technology Products and Equipment Leasing. During the second quarter of fiscal 2021, our Board determined to exit the Leasing Business and instructed management to develop and implement a plan to dispose of those operations. Accordingly, the assets, excluding cash, and liabilities of the Leasing Business are considered held for sale and the Leasing Business operations are presented as discontinued operations. See Note 2 - Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations” to our condensed consolidated financial statements for more details.

Revenue from the Marine Technology Products business includes sales of Seamap equipment and sales of Klein equipment. This business operates from locations near Bristol, United Kingdom; Salem, New Hampshire; Huntsville, Texas; Johor, Malaysia and in Singapore. During February 2019, the Company completed the sale of its Australian operations in Brisbane, Australia. See Note 23 - “Sale of Subsidiaries” to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional details.
The discontinued operations of the Equipment Leasing business includes all land leasing activity, sales of lease pool equipment and certain other equipment sales and services related to those operations. This business has been conducted from our locations in Huntsville, Texas; Calgary, Canada; Bogota, Colombia; and Budapest, Hungary. This included the operations of our subsidiaries MCL, MEL and our branch in Colombia.
Management believes that the performance of our Marine Technology Products business is indicated by revenues from sales of products and by gross profit from those sales. Management monitors EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, both as defined and reconciled to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), in the following table, as key indicators of our overall performance and liquidity.


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The following table presents certain operating information of our continuing operations:

 Year Ended January 31,
 20212020
(in thousands)
Revenues:
Sale of marine technology products$21,215 $29,919 
Total revenues$21,215 $29,919 
Cost of sales:
Sale of marine technology products$13,906 $16,965 
Total cost of sales$13,906 $16,965 
Gross profit$7,309 $12,954 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative$12,648 $14,140 
Research and development$3,003 $1,850 
Provision for doubtful accounts$659 $— 
Impairment of intangible assets$2,531 $760 
Depreciation and amortization$2,796 $2,494 
Total operating expenses$21,637 $19,244 
Operating loss$(14,328)$(6,290)
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 Year Ended January 31,
 20212020
 (in thousands)
Reconciliation of Net loss from continuing operations to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
Net loss from continuing operations$(14,002)$(6,543)
Depreciation and amortization2,796 2,823 
Provision for income taxes536 353 
EBITDA from continuing operations (1)(10,670)(3,367)
Non-cash foreign exchange losses110 86 
Stock-based compensation708 854 
Impairment of intangible assets2,531 760 
Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations (1)$(7,321)$(1,667)
Reconciliation of Net Cash Used In Operating Activities to EBITDA
Net cash used in operating activities$(6,360)$(5,817)
PPP loan forgiveness757 — 
Stock-based compensation(708)(854)
Provision for doubtful accounts(659)— 
Provision for inventory obsolescence(132)(298)
Changes in accounts receivable (current and long-term)(3,077)3,066 
Interest paid40 63 
Taxes paid, net of refunds336 498 
Loss on sale of subsidiaries357 — 
Changes in inventory(998)3,306 
Changes in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities and
deferred revenue
1,223 (307)
Impairment of intangible assets(2,531)(760)
Changes in prepaid expenses and other current and long-term assets(154)601 
Foreign exchange gains, net— (313)
Other1,236 (2,552)
EBITDA from continuing operations (1)$(10,670)$(3,367)
___________________________________________________________ 
(1)EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP financial measures. EBITDA is defined as net income before (a) interest income and interest expense, (b) provision for (or benefit from) income taxes and (c) depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA excludes non-cash foreign exchange gains and losses, stock-based compensation, impairment of intangible assets, other non-cash tax related items and non-cash costs of lease pool equipment sales. We consider EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to be important indicators for the performance of our business, but not measures of performance or liquidity calculated in accordance with GAAP. We have included these non-GAAP financial measures because management utilizes this information for assessing our performance and liquidity, and as indicators of our ability to make capital expenditures, service debt and finance working capital requirements and we believe that EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are measurements that are commonly used by analysts and some investors in evaluating the performance and liquidity of companies such as us. In particular, we believe that it is useful to our analysts and investors to understand this relationship because it excludes transactions not related to our core cash operating activities. We believe that excluding these transactions allows investors to meaningfully trend and analyze the performance of our core cash operations. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not measures of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and should not be considered in isolation or as alternatives to cash flow from operating activities or as alternatives to net income as indicators of operating performance or any other measures of performance derived in accordance with GAAP. In evaluating our performance as measured by EBITDA, management recognizes and considers the limitations of this measurement. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect our obligations for the payment of income taxes, interest expense or other obligations such as capital expenditures. Accordingly, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are only two of the measurements that management utilizes. Other companies in our industry may calculate EBITDA or Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do and EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable with similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
Within our Marine Technology Products business, we design, manufacture and sell a variety of products used primarily in oceanographic, hydrographic, defense, seismic and maritime security industries. Seamap’s primary products include (i) the GunLink seismic source acquisition and control systems; (ii) the BuoyLink RGPS tracking system used to provide precise positioning of seismic sources and streamers (marine recording channels that are towed behind a vessel) and (iii) SeaLink marine sensors and solid streamer systems
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(collectively, the “SeaLink” product line or “towed streamer products”). These towed streamer products are primarily designed for three-dimensional, high-resolution marine surveys in hydrographic industry applications. Klein designs, manufactures and sells side scan sonar and water-side security systems to commercial, governmental and military customers throughout the world.
Our discontinued operations consist primarily of leasing seismic data acquisition equipment primarily to seismic data acquisition companies conducting land surveys worldwide. Historically, we provided short-term leasing, typically for a term of less than one year, of seismic equipment to meet a customer’s requirements. From time to time, we sold lease pool equipment. These sales were transacted when we had equipment for which we did not have near term needs in our leasing business or which was otherwise considered excess. Additionally, when equipment that had been leased to a customer was lost or destroyed, the customer was charged for such equipment at amounts specified in the underlying lease agreement.
Our results of operations can experience fluctuations in activity levels due to a number of factors outside of our control. These factors include budgetary or financial concerns, difficulties in obtaining licenses or permits, security problems, labor or political issues, inclement weather, and global pandemics. See Item 1A- “Risk Factors.”
Business Outlook
The global pandemic created significant uncertainty in the global economy, which we believe had an adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations and liquidity. We believe the resulting uncertainty caused many customers to delay purchasing decisions. Furthermore, travel restrictions limited our ability to interact with customers and to demonstrate our products. Similar restrictions, we believe, caused delays in certain governmental evaluation programs involving our technology. Recently we have seen indications of improving activity and the relaxation of pandemic related restrictions in some areas. However, the time frame for which disruptions related to the pandemic will continue is uncertain, as is the magnitude of any adverse impacts. We were required to temporarily shut-down our facilities in Malaysia and Singapore on March 17 and April 7, respectively. The Malaysia facility was reopened on April 21, 2020 with approximately 50% of its normal staff and resumed operations with 100% of its employees on May 4, 2020. In Singapore, we were able to continue limited shipping and receiving operations during the shutdown and were able to resume manufacturing operations on June 1, 2020.

Our other facilities have been allowed to operate, although at reduced efficiencies in some cases as certain employees have worked remotely from time to time. Furthermore, travel restrictions resulting from the global pandemic have impacted our ability to visit customers, conduct product demonstrations and visit our various operating locations. These disruptions have had, and we expect they will continue to have, a negative effect on our business; however, the duration and magnitude of these disruptions are uncertain. Management believes that the negative impact is subsiding, but there can be no assurance of that.

Additionally, oil prices declined sharply during the first quarter of fiscal 2021 in response to the economic effects of the global pandemic and the announcement of Saudi Arabia’s abandonment of output restraints. While oil prices have recovered a significant portion of the first quarter decline over the past six months, continuing uncertainty could have an adverse effect on our customers in the energy industry which could cause them to cancel or delay projects and orders with us or impair their ability to make payments to us. However, to date we have had no significant orders cancelled and continue to respond to inquiries from customers in all market segments, including energy related. Many of our marine customers have recently indicated increases in backlog, which we believe is a positive indication of a recovery in fiscal 2022 and beyond. The general economic environment concerning the energy industry could also impact our ability to realize value from our discontinued operations.

In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021 we began to experience an increase in orders and inquiries for marine exploration applications, particularly for our source controller products. Our GunLink seismic source controllers have certain capabilities that we believe are unique and that increasingly certain of these capabilities are required of operators of seismic exploration vessels. Based on this, and on discussions with current and potential customers, we believe demand for our GunLink source controllers will continue, although there can be no assurance of this. Furthermore, subsequent to January 31, 2021 we entered into an indefinite quantity, indefinite delivery supply agreement with a major international marine seismic contractor. While we have not yet received firm order related to this agreement, we do expect the arrangement to result in additional sales of our source controller products.

In recent months, we have continued to experience significant inquiries and bid activity for our other marine technology products and have conducted a number of demonstrations for various customers, including the U.S. Navy. However, we believe many customers have delayed purchase commitments due to the uncertainty in the global economy. Accordingly, we have not experienced the number of firm orders that we would have normally expected from the current level of inquiries and bid activity. As of January 31, 2021, our backlog of firm orders for our Marine Technology Products business was approximately $14.2 million, as compared to approximately $8.9 million as of January 31, 2020. We expect essentially all of these orders to be completed within fiscal 2022 and therefore expect revenues from continuing operation in fiscal 2022 to exceed those of fiscal 2021. The level of backlog at a particular point in time may not necessarily be indicative of results in subsequent periods as the size and delivery period of individual orders can vary significantly.



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Going forward we intend to address three primary markets in our Marine Technology Products business -
Marine Survey;
Marine Exploration; and
Maritime Defense.
Specific applications within those markets include sea-floor survey, search and recovery, mineral and geophysical exploration, mine counter measures and anti-submarine warfare. We have existing technology and products that meet needs across all these markets such as -
Side-scan sonar;
Bathymetry systems;
Acoustic arrays, such as SeaLink; and
Marine seismic equipment, such as GunLink and BuoyLink.
We see a number of opportunities to add to our technology and to apply existing technology and products to new applications.

In fiscal 2020, we introduced new sonar technology that we refer to as “MA-XTM”. We believe this to be revolutionary sonar technology that will significantly expand the opportunities available to us. We have received and delivered orders related to this new technology and continue to respond to orders and inquiries related to this technology, including some for military related applications. While the MA-XTM technology has not had a material impact on our results of operations to date, we believe this technology will result in significant new opportunities for us. Also, in fiscal 2020, we received an order from a manufacturer of unmanned underwater vehicles (“UUV’s”) for a MA-XTM related product to be installed on one of their UUV’s. This request relates to a potentially significant program for the U.S. Navy. While this specific order may not have a material impact on our results of operations, we believe this, and similar opportunities could have a material impact on our operations. During fiscal 2021 we introduced technology based on MA-XTM specifically focused on the rapidly growing autonomous vehicle market and entered into an agreement with a major European defense contractor for the joint offering of synthetic aperture sonar (“SAS”). We believe that each of these initiatives can significantly expand our serviceable market. Also during fiscal 2021, we began development of passive sonar arrays based on our SeaLink technology. We believe this technology is well suited for maritime security applications such as anti-submarine warfare, particularly in application involving unmanned vessels.
We are also pursuing a number of initiatives to further expand our product offerings. These initiatives include new internally developed technology, introduction of new products based on our existing technology, technology obtained through partnering arrangements with others and a combination of all of these. There can be no assurance that any of these initiatives will ultimately have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations. Certain of the business opportunities that we are pursuing are with military or other governmental organizations. The sales cycle for these projects can be quite long and can be impacted by a variety of factors, including the level of competition and budget limitations. Therefore, the timing of contract awards is often difficult to predict. However, once awarded, programs of this type can extend for many years. To date, the majority of our revenues have been from commercial customers; however, we expect the proportion of revenue related to military or governmental customers will increase in the future.
We believe there are certain developments within the marine technology industry which can have a significant impact on our business. These developments include the following:
The increase in the use of unmanned, or uncrewed, marine vessels, both surface vehicles and underwater vehicles, and the need for a variety of sensor packages designed for these applications.
Demand for higher resolution sonar images, such as for mine countermeasure applications.
Demand for economical, commercially developed, technology for anti-submarine warfare and maritime security applications.
In response to these, and other, developments we have initiated certain strategic initiatives in order to exploit the opportunities that we perceive. These initiatives include the following:
Development of side-scan sonar and other sensor systems specifically for unmanned vehicles, including integration of our MA-XTM technology;
Development of SAS sonar systems in cooperation with a major European defense contractor; and
Application of our SeaLink solid streamer technology to passive sonar arrays for use in maritime security applications, such as anti-submarine warfare.

In response to the effects of the global pandemic and the current economic environment we took steps to reduce expenses including the layoff or furloughing of certain employees and contractors and the deferral of other expenditures. Should the effects of the pandemic and low commodity prices continue, we may take further steps to reduce costs. We believe the majority of our costs are variable in nature, such as raw materials and labor related costs. Accordingly, we believe we can reduce such costs commensurate with any declines in our business.

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During fiscal 2021, the Company received a Singapore government grant pursuant to its Job Support Scheme. The primary objective of the Job Support Scheme is to assist companies in retaining local employees during the global pandemic. Similar to the Singapore government grant our operations in the United Kingdom were also recipients of the government backed Job Retention Scheme. Proceeds from the Job Support Scheme and the Job Retention Scheme were approximately $372,000 and $119,000, respectively. Future benefit from these government job schemes will be dependent on availability and our ability to qualify for the assistance and we cannot be certain future benefits will be obtained.

Our revenues and results of operations have not been materially impacted by inflation or changing prices in the past two fiscal years, except as described above.
Results of Continuing Operations
For fiscal 2021 and 2020, we recorded operating losses of approximately $14.3 million and $6.3 million, respectively. The increased operating loss in fiscal 2021 from fiscal 2020 was a result of lower revenue and gross profit from our continued operations, primarily attributable to the global pandemic, which caused many potential customers to reassess expenditures. In addition, we believe disruptions in global energy markets early in fiscal 2021, exacerbated these effects for certain of our customers.

Marine Technology Products
Revenues and cost of sales for our Marine Technology Products business were as follows:
 Year Ended January 31,
 20212020
 ($ in thousands)
Revenues:
Seamap$17,104 $22,393 
Klein4,387 7,472 
SAP— 101 
Intra-segment sales(276)(47)
21,215 29,919 
Cost of sales:
Seamap10,211 11,372 
Klein3,971 5,545 
SAP— 95 
Intra-segment sales(276)(47)
13,906 16,965 
Gross profit$7,309 $12,954 
Gross profit margin34 %43 %
A significant portion of Seamap’s sales consists of large discrete orders, the timing of which is dictated by our customers. This timing generally relates to the availability of a vessel in port so that our products can be installed. Accordingly, there can be significant variation in sales from one period to another, which does not necessarily indicate a fundamental change in demand for these products. We believe the decline in Seamap revenues is due, in large part, to temporary delays and disruptions caused by the global pandemic, including the temporary shutdown of our production facilities, and the disruptions in global energy markets early in the year. The gross profit and gross profit margins generated by sales of Seamap products were approximately $6.9 million and 40% during fiscal 2021 and approximately $11.0 million and 49% in fiscal 2020. The decrease in gross profit margins between the periods is due primarily to reduced manufacturing activity, which resulted in lower absorption of fixed overhead costs during fiscal 2021.
Revenue from the sale of Klein products was approximately $4.4 million during fiscal 2021 versus approximately $7.5 million in the prior year period. We believe the decline in revenue is primarily due to the effects of the global pandemic as discussed above. Gross profit was approximately $416,000 and $1.9 million, with gross profit margins of 9% and 26%, during fiscal 2021 and 2020, respectively. The decline in year over year gross profit margin is due mainly to lower absorption of overhead costs as a result of lower manufacturing activity, as well as higher product testing and sustaining engineering activity during fiscal 2021.
Operating Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses for fiscal 2021 amounted to approximately $12.6 million, compared to approximately $14.1 million in 2020, respectively. The decrease in operating expenses during fiscal 2021 was the result of cost control measures and the effect of reduced travel, entertainment and convention related expenses due mainly to travel and other restrictions implemented globally in response to the global pandemic.
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Research and development costs increased in fiscal 2021 as compared to fiscal 2020 due to incremental product development activity, including that related to our MA-XTM, µMA-XTM and our other strategic product initiatives, including senor systems designed for uncrewed vessels, SAS and passive sonar array systems.
In fiscal 2021, we recorded a provision for doubtful accounts of approximately $659,000 related to continuing operations. The provision in continuing operations was recorded in response to revaluation of bonds received during the period in exchange for an outstanding accounts receivable account. Due to the deteriorating financial position of the issuer, it was determined that the value of the bonds had been impaired. At January 31, 2021, and 2020, we had trade accounts and note receivables over 180 days past due of approximately $1.1 million and $1.3 million, respectively. In our industry, and in our experience, it is not unusual for accounts to become delinquent from time to time and this is not necessarily indicative of an account becoming uncollectable. As of January 31, 2021, and 2020, our allowance for doubtful accounts receivable amounted to approximately $948,000 and $2.4 million, respectively.
Depreciation and amortization relates primarily to the depreciation of furniture, fixtures and office equipment and the amortization of intangible assets. The increase in depreciation and amortization expense in fiscal 2021 is due primarily to asset additions in our new Malaysia facility at the end of fiscal 2020.
We periodically evaluate the recoverability of our intangible assets, including tradename. In the first quarter of fiscal 2021 due to the uncertain economic environment and declines in the trading prices of the Company’s equity securities, we determined that our remaining goodwill had been impaired, resulting in a charge of approximately $2.5 million. Subsequent to that, the price of the Company’s equity securities recovered substantially and no further impairments of intangible assets were deemed necessary. In fiscal 2020, our evaluation gave an indication of impairment due to recent financial results and the inherent uncertainty in projections of future results, we determined to record an impairment charge of approximately $760,000, representing the full value of the tradename intangible asset related to Klein.
Other Income and Expense
Included in other expense in fiscal 2021 is approximately $757,000 related to forgiveness of the PPP Loan granted to the Company. Subsequent to January 31, 2021, the PPP Loan granted to Klein was also forgiven.
Provision for Income Taxes
Our provision for income taxes for continuing operations for fiscal 2021 was approximately $536,000. This amount differed from the result expected when applying the U.S. statutory rate of 21% to our loss before income taxes due primarily to the impact of valuation allowances against the increase in our deferred tax assets, permanent differences between book income and taxable income, and the effect of foreign withholding taxes.
On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) was enacted in response to the global pandemic. The CARES Act did not have a material impact on the Company’s fiscal 2021 provision for income taxes.
In fiscal 2020, our provision for income taxes for continuing operations was approximately $353,000. This amount differed from the expected income tax benefit at the U.S. statutory rate of 21% due primarily valuation allowances against the increase in our deferred tax assets, permanent differences between book income and taxable income, and the effect of foreign withholding taxes.
Internal Controls
As of January 31, 2021, the Company’s executive officers determined that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was operating effectively.
As of January 31, 2020, the Company’s executive officers determined that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was not effective due to an identified material weakness. The material weakness involved the Company’s review controls over significant estimates. The Company failed to detect an error related to our provision for doubtful accounts identified by the Company’s auditors during the audit of our financial statements for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2020. We evaluated our controls related to accounting estimates and identified changes to our existing controls and additional controls which were implemented during fiscal 2021 in an effort to strengthen our control environment. These actions have remediated this deficiency in internal control, but we can give no assurance that additional material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting will not be identified in the future. Our failure to implement and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting could result in errors in our financial statements that could result in a restatement of our financial statements and cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations.
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Results of Discontinued Operations
Revenues and cost of sales from discontinued operations were comprised of the following:
 Year Ended January 31,
 20212020
Revenues:
Equipment leasing3,526 10,877 
Lease pool equipment sales2,010 1,333 
Other equipment sales211 546 
5,747 12,756 
Cost of sales:
Direct costs-equipment leasing2,018 3,943 
Lease pool depreciation1,698 4,630 
Cost of lease pool equipment sales684 147 
Cost of other equipment sales137 369 
4,537 9,089 
Gross profit (loss)1,210 3,667 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative4,589 5,576 
Provision for doubtful accounts470 2,000 
Depreciation and amortization132 176 
Total operating expenses5,191 7,752 
Operating loss(3,981)(4,085)
Other income (expenses)201 (134)
Loss on disposal (including $2,745 of cumulative translation loss)(1,859)— 
Loss before income taxes(5,639)(4,219)
Provision for income taxes(665)(525)
Net loss(6,304)(4,744)

Following the decision to exit the Leasing Business and present those operations as discontinued operations, we no longer recognize depreciation expense related to our lease pool of seismic equipment, but rather reassess, on a quarterly basis, the recoverability of the remaining carrying value of those assets. Similarly, we no longer recognize gain or loss from the sale of individual lease pool assets, but treat any proceeds from such transactions as a reduction in the carrying value of the lease pool.
Revenue from discontinued operations during fiscal 2021 decreased approximately 55% to $5.7 million compared to $12.8 million for fiscal 2020. We believe the reduction in revenue is due to lower Equipment Leasing activity, primarily as a result of the global pandemic, and the decision to exit the Leasing Business as discussed above.
Direct costs related to The Leasing Business dropped to approximately $4.5 million for fiscal year 2021 from approximately $9.1 million reported in the same period for 2020. The year over year reduction in direct costs is commensurate with the decline in revenue. Lease pool depreciation in fiscal 2021 decreased to approximately $1.7 million from $4.6 million in fiscal 2020 as we are no longer recording lease pool depreciation on discontinued operations.
Selling, general and administrative costs related to the Leasing Business amounted to approximately $4.6 million, compared to $5.6 during the same period for 2020. The decrease was due primarily to lower compensation and other administrative expenses resulting from headcount reductions and the decline in business activity, partially offset by accrued severance and other costs related to the decision to exit the Leasing Business.
In fiscal 2021, we recorded a provision for doubtful accounts of approximately $470,000 in discontinued operations. Following the decision to exit the Leasing Business we determined that the loss of operating leverage would further impair the collectability of certain outstanding balances. In fiscal 2020 we recorded a provision for doubtful accounts of approximately $2.0 million related to discontinued operations. The significant provision recorded in fiscal 2020 was due to a revaluation of the collectability of our accounts receivable prompted by the detrimental impact of the global pandemic and the decline in world oil prices subsequent to January 31, 2020. Under the circumstances, we deemed it more likely than not that certain of our customers would encounter financial difficulties and potentially be unable to fully satisfy their financial obligations to us.
The loss on disposal of approximately $1.9 million reflects the amount by which the unadjusted carrying value of the net assets of the Leasing Business exceed the estimated proceeds of the planned sale of the business. The unadjusted carrying value of the Leasing Business includes approximately $2.7 million of cumulative translation adjustment which has historically been recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss, a component of equity.
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Subsequent to July 31, 2020, sales of lease pool equipment totaling approximately $1.5 million have been reflected as a reduction in the carrying value of assets held for sale, with no gain or loss recognized from these transactions.
Our provision for income taxes from our discontinued operations for the twelve months ended January 31, 2021 was approximately $665,000 on a loss before income taxes of approximately $5.6 million. Our provision varies from the expected provision based on the U.S. statutory rate due primarily to the effect of foreign withholding taxes, and because we have recorded valuation allowances against the increase in our deferred tax assets in the respective periods.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
As discussed above, the global pandemic and recent volatility in oil prices has created significant uncertainty in the global economy which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial position, results of operations and liquidity. The period for which disruptions related to the pandemic will continue is uncertain as is the magnitude of any adverse impacts. We believe that any negative impacts have begun to subside but there can be no assurance of that.
The Company has a history of operating losses, has had negative cash from operating activities in each of the last two years and has relied on cash from the sale of preferred stock pursuant to its first at the market (the “1st ATM”) offering program. Through January 31, 2020, we had issued 994,046 shares of our Series A Preferred Stock, representing 100% of the Series A Preferred Stock available for sale under the 1st ATM program. However, the Company’s cash balance as of January 31, 2021 is approximately $1.6 million higher than the balance at January 31, 2020. Furthermore, the Company has established a second at the market (the “2nd ATM”) offering program with authorization to sell up to 5.0 million shares of common stock and 500,000 shares of preferred stock.
In addition to the positive factors noted above, management believes there are additional factors and actions available to the Company to address liquidity concerns, including the following:
The Company has no funded debt, excluding the PPP Loan granted to Klein which has been completely forgiven in February 2021, or other outstanding obligations, outside of normal trade obligations.
The Company has no obligations or agreements containing “maintenance type” financial covenants.
The Company has working capital of approximately $19.0 million as of January 31, 2021, including cash of approximately $4.6 million.
Should revenues be less than projected, the Company believes it is able, and has plans, to reduce costs proportionately in order to maintain positive cash flow.
The majority of the Company’s costs are variable in nature, such as raw materials and personnel related costs. The Company has terminated or furloughed certain employees and contractors.
Despite the temporary suspension of operations in Malaysia and Singapore early in fiscal 2021, operations continued uninterrupted at other locations. Certain of these operations have been deemed “essential businesses” by authorities. However, there can be no assurance that there will not be further suspensions in the future.
The Company has a backlog of orders of approximately $14.2 million as of January 31, 2021, which is an increase of approximately 60% from the amount at January 31, 2020. Production for certain of these orders was in process and included in inventory as of January 31, 2021, thereby reducing the liquidity needed to complete the orders.
The Company has been successful in selling certain assets held for sale and expects to generate further liquidity from such transactions in fiscal 2022.
The Company has declared and paid the quarterly dividend on its Series A Preferred Stock for each quarter in fiscal 2021, but such quarterly dividends could be suspended in the future.
Despite the challenging economic environment in the year ended January 31, 2021, the Company was successful expanding its authorized capital stock (See Note 20 - Corporate Restructuring) and raising approximately $4.6 million in new capital through the sale of common and preferred stock pursuant to the 2nd ATM offering program. Management expects to be able to raise further capital through the 2nd ATM program should the need arise.
Based on publicized transactions and preliminary discussions with potential funding sources, management believes that other sources of debt and equity financing are available should the need arise.

Our principal sources of liquidity and capital over the past two fiscal years have been proceeds from issuances of preferred stock and from the sale of lease pool equipment.
Under our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, we have 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock and 40,000,000 shares of Common Stock authorized which we believe provides capacity for subsequent issues of Common Stock or preferred stock.
The Series A Preferred Stock has been issued in a June 2016 public offering, as consideration to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd (“MHI”), and in the 1st and 2nd ATM offering programs. The Series A Preferred Stock (i) allows for redemption on at our option (even in the event of a change of control), (ii) does not grant holders with voting control of our Board of Directors, and (iii) provides holders with a
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conversion option (into common stock) only upon a change of control which, upon conversion, would be subject to a limit on the maximum number of shares of common stock to be issued. Through January 31, 2021, we have issued 1,038,232 shares of our Series A Preferred Stock.
During the twelve months ended January 31, 2021, under the 2nd ATM program, the Company sold (i) 1,584,556 shares of Common Stock, resulting in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $3.6 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and offering costs and (ii) 44,186 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, resulting in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $1.0 million.



The following table sets forth selected historical information regarding cash flows from our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
 Year Ended January 31,
 20212020
 (in thousands)
Net cash used in operating activities$(6,360)$(5,817)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities3,207 (2,088)
Net cash provided by financing activities4,514 1,749 
Effect of changes in foreign exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents16 (159)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents$1,377 $(6,315)
As of January 31, 2021, we had working capital of approximately $19 million and cash and cash equivalents of approximately $4.6 million, as compared to working capital of approximately $22.2 million and cash and cash equivalents of approximately $3.2 million at January 31, 2020. Our working capital decreased during fiscal 2021 compared to fiscal 2020 due primarily to a decrease in accounts receivable and inventory.
Cash Used In Operating Activities. Cash used in operating activities amounted to approximately $6.4 million in fiscal 2021 compared to approximately $5.8 million in fiscal 2020. In fiscal 2021, the primary sources of cash used in operating activities was our net loss of $20.3 million, net of non-cash charges, including depreciation and amortization charges totaling approximately $5.2 million. The net change in other current assets and liabilities decreased net cash used in operating activities for fiscal 2021 by approximately $4.3 million.
Cash Flows From Investing Activities. In fiscal 2020, we acquired approximately 3.0 million, of new lease pool equipment. Cash proceeds received from the sale of lease pool equipment were approximately $2.0 million and $1.7 million in fiscal 2021 and 2020, respectively. Subsequent to the decision to exit the land leasing business as of July 31, 2020, proceeds from the sale of assets held for sale were approximately $1.5 million.
Cash Flows From Financing Activities. We had in place the 1st ATM offering program related to the Series A Preferred Stock which was concluded in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020. In September 2020, we launched the 2nd ATM offering program to sell up to 500,000 shares of Preferred Stock and 5,000,000 shares of $0.01 par value common stock (the “Common Stock”) of the Company. We received net proceeds from the sale of our Series A Preferred Stock during fiscal 2021 and 2020 of approximately $1.0 million and $3.8 million, respectively. During fiscal 2021 we received net proceeds, after deducting underwriting discounts and offering costs, of approximately $3.6 million from the sale of our Common Stock, pursuant to the 2nd ATM offering program. In fiscal 2021 and 2020 we paid cash dividends of approximately $1.7 million and $2.1 million, respectively, related to the Series A Preferred Stock.
As of January 31, 2021, we have no funded debt, other than the PPP Loan granted to Klein that was forgiven in February, 2021 and no obligations containing restrictive financial covenants.
We regularly evaluate opportunities to expand our business through the acquisition of other companies, businesses or product lines. If we were to make any such acquisitions, we believe they could generally be financed with a combination of cash on hand and cash flows from operations. However, should these sources of financing not be adequate, we may seek other sources of capital to fund future acquisitions. These additional sources of capital include bank credit facilities or the issuance of debt or equity securities.
We have determined that, due to the potential requirement for additional investment and working capital to achieve our objectives, the undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries is not deemed indefinitely reinvested outside of the United States as of January 31, 2021. Furthermore, we have concluded that any deferred taxes with respect to the undistributed foreign earnings would be immaterial.
As of January 31, 2021, we had deposits in foreign banks equal to approximately $2.8 million all of which we believe could be distributed to the United States without adverse tax consequences. However, in certain cases the transfer of these funds may result in withholding taxes payable to foreign taxing authorities. These factors could limit our ability to pay cash dividends in the future.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as defined by Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of Regulation S-K.
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Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires us to make estimates and assumptions in determining the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Significant estimates made by us in the accompanying consolidated financial statements relate to the allowances for uncollectible accounts receivable and inventory obsolescence; the useful lives of our lease pool assets and amortizable intangible assets and the impairment assessments of our lease pool and various intangible assets. Other areas where we have made significant estimates include the valuation of stock options, the assessment of the need for a valuation allowance related to deferred tax assets and the assessment of uncertain tax positions.

Critical accounting policies are those that are most important to the portrayal of a company’s financial position and results of operations and require management’s subjective judgment. Below is a brief discussion of our critical accounting policies.
Revenue Recognition
Marine Technology Product Sales – We recognize revenue and cost of goods sold from sales of marine technology products upon agreement of terms and completion of our performance obligations, which is typically when delivery has occurred, and barring any question as to collectability.
Long-term project revenue – From time to time we enter into contracts whereby they assemble and/or manufacture and sell certain marine equipment, primarily to governmental entities. Performance under these contracts generally occurs over a period of three to twelve months. Revenue and costs related to these contracts are recognized “over time”, as each separately identified performance obligation is satisfied.
Service agreements – In some cases we provide ongoing support services pursuant to contracts that generally have a term of 12 months. We recognize revenue from these contracts ratably over the term of the contract. In some cases, we may provide support services on a time and material basis. Revenue from these arrangements is recognized as the services are provided. For certain new systems, we may provide support services for up to 12 months at no additional charge. We believe any amounts attributable to these support obligations are immaterial.
Leases – We recognize lease revenue ratably over the term of the lease unless there is a question as to whether it is collectible. We do not enter into leases with embedded maintenance obligations. Under our standard lease, the customer is responsible for maintenance and repairs to the equipment, excluding normal wear and tear. We provide technical advice to our customers as part of our customer service practices. In most situations, our customers pay shipping and handling costs directly to the shipping agents. Effective July 31, 2020, the Leasing Business has been classified as held for sale on the financial results reported as discontinued operations (see Note 2 – “Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations” for additional details).
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
We make provisions to the allowance for doubtful accounts based on a detailed review of outstanding receivable balances. Factors considered include the age of the receivable, the payment history of the customer, the general financial condition of the customer, any financial or operational leverage we may have in a particular situation and general industry conditions. We typically do not charge fees on past due accounts, although we reserve the right to do so in most of our contractual arrangements with our customers and have done so from time to time. We recorded an allowance for doubtful accounts of approximately $0.7 million and zero related to continuing operations in fiscal 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $0.5 million and $2.0 million related to discontinued operations in fiscal 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
As of January 31, 2021, all intangible assets, including goodwill, relate to our Marine Technology Products business, which includes the operations of Seamap and Klein. For purposes of evaluating impairment pursuant to FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic (ASC) 350, we established Seamap and Klein as reporting units. In accordance with ASC 350 we are required to evaluate the carrying value of our goodwill at least annually for impairment, or more frequently if facts and circumstances indicate it is more likely than not impairment has occurred. In the first quarter of fiscal 2021, due to the impact of the global pandemic, significant uncertainty regarding near-term or long-term projections, and a significant drop in the value of the Company’s common stock, we performed qualitative analysis that indicated full impairment of our remaining goodwill. As a result, we recorded an impairment charge against the remaining $2.5 million of goodwill recorded in our Seamap reporting unit. Therefore, as of January 31, 2021, we no longer have a net carrying value of goodwill recorded on our books and will no longer perform or make future disclosures with respect to testing for goodwill impairment.
As of January 31, 2021 and 2020 we concluded, based on an assessment of qualitative factors, that it was more likely than not that the carrying value of the Seamap reporting unit was not more than its fair value. As a result, no further further charge for impairment was recorded in fiscal 2021 and no charge was recorded in fiscal 2020 related to the Seamap reporting unit
As of January 31, 2021, we performed an assessment of qualitative factors and concluded that a quantitative assessment was required to determine if it was more likely than not that the carrying value of the Klein reporting unit exceeded fair value. We therefore conducted a
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quantitative assessment which indicated it was more likely than not that the carrying did not exceed the fair market value. As a result, no charge for impairment was recorded for fiscal 2021 related to the Klein reporting unit.
As of January 31, 2020, we concluded, based on an assessment of qualitative factors, that it was more likely than not that the carrying value of the Klein reporting unit was more than its fair value. We therefore conducted a quantitative assessment which confirmed that the carrying value exceeded the fair value. Accordingly, we recorded an impairment loss of approximately $760,000 related to other intangible assets recorded in the Klein reporting unit.
Our quantitative assessment requires significant judgment and is based upon our internal forecasts and comparisons to the publicly available valuations of what we believe to be comparable companies. Our internal forecasts include assumptions about market and economic conditions. If our estimates or related projections associated with the reporting units significantly change in the future, or if we use different comparable companies, we may be required to record further impairment charges. If the operational results of our reporting units are worse than expected or if economic conditions deteriorate, the fair value of our reporting units will be adversely affected.
Income Taxes
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on temporary differences between income and expenses reported for financial reporting and tax reporting. We assessed, using all available positive and negative evidence, the likelihood that the deferred tax assets, including deferred tax assets associated with tax loss carryovers and tax credit carryforwards, will be recovered from future taxable income. The analysis is performed on a jurisdiction by jurisdiction basis.
The weight we give to the potential effect of negative and positive evidence should be commensurate with the extent to which it can be objectively verified. The more negative evidence that exists (i) the more positive evidence is necessary and (ii) the more difficult it is to support a conclusion that a valuation allowance is not needed for some portion, or all, of the deferred tax asset. Among the more significant types of evidence that we consider are:
 
projected taxable income in future years;
our history of taxable income within a particular jurisdiction;
any history of deferred tax assets expiring prior to without realization;
whether the carry forward period is so brief that it would limit realization of tax benefits;
other limitations on the utilization of tax benefits;
future sales and operating cost projections that will produce more than enough taxable income to realize the deferred tax asset based on existing sales prices and cost structures;
our earnings history exclusive of the loss that created the future deductible amount coupled with evidence indicating that the loss is an aberration rather than a continuing condition; and
tax planning strategies that will create additional taxable income.
In determining the valuation allowance to be recorded, we considered the following positive indicators:
 
our history of taxable income in certain jurisdictions;
the cyclical nature of the energy industry in general and the seismic industry in particular;
specific tax planning strategies that will produce additional taxable income;
the carryover periods for certain tax benefits. In particular, the loss carryover period in the United States is 20 years for tax years beginning before December 31, 2017 and indefinite for losses incurred in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. Also, pursuant to the CARES Act the utilization of losses incurred in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2021, is no longer limited to 80% of taxable income;
the carryover period for U.S. foreign tax credit carryforwards is 10 years;
no U.S. tax benefits are expected to expire prior to 2021;
we do not have a history of net operating losses expiring without being utilized; and
our existing customer relationships.
We also considered the following negative indicators:
 
our recent losses within certain jurisdictions, including the United States, Malaysia, Hungary, Canada and the United Kingdom, specifically cumulative losses over a three year period in these jurisdictions;
the utilization of tax benefits, specifically foreign tax credits, is limited in certain jurisdictions:
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Based on our evaluation of the evidence, as of January 31, 2021 we have provided the following approximate valuation allowances against deferred tax assets of continuing operations in various jurisdictions (in thousands):
 
        
JurisdictionDeferred Tax
Assets
Valuation
Allowance
Net Deferred
Tax Asset
United States(1)
$18,612 $(18,612)$— 
United Kingdom632 (632)$— 
Malaysia553 (553)$— 
(1)includes federal and state deferred tax assets
The deferred tax asset in the United States relates primarily to net operation loss carryovers. Although we do not have a history of loss carryovers expiring without being utilized and the earliest expiration of a loss carryforward is in 2033, we have a recent history of taxable losses in the United States and future earnings in this jurisdiction are uncertain. In order to fully utilize the deferred tax assets in the United States we would need to generate taxable income of approximately $86.3 million.
We evaluate tax positions taken through a two-step process. In the first step, we determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination, including resolution of any related appeals or litigation processes, based on the technical merits of the position. In evaluating whether a tax position has met the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, the enterprise should presume that the position will be examined by the appropriate taxing authority that would have full knowledge of all relevant information. In the second step, a tax position that meets the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold is measured to determine the amount of benefit to recognize in the financial statements. The tax position is measured at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Differences between tax positions taken in a tax return and amounts recognized in the financial statements will generally result in (1) an increase in a liability for income taxes payable or (2) a reduction of an income tax refund receivable or a reduction in a deferred tax asset or an increase in a deferred tax liability or both (1) and (2). The evaluation of tax positions and the measurement of the related benefit require significant judgment on the part of management.
Stock-Based Compensation
Stock-based compensation expense is recorded based on the grant date fair value of share-based awards. Determining the grant date fair value requires management to make estimates regarding the variables used in the calculation of the grant date fair value. Those variables are the future volatility of our common stock price, the length of time an optionee will hold their options until exercising them (the “expected term”), and the number of options or shares that will be forfeited before they are exercised (the “forfeiture rate”). We utilize various mathematical models in calculating the variables. Stock-based compensation expense could be different if we used different models to calculate the variables.
Significant Accounting and Disclosure Changes
See Note 3 - “New Accounting Pronouncements” in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Not required under Item 305 Regulation S-K for smaller reporting companies.
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
The information required by this Item appears beginning on page F-1 and is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
None.
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Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As required by Rule 13a-15(b) under the Exchange Act, we have evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officers and principal financial officer, the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-K. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officers and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC. Our principal executive officers and principal financial officer have concluded that our current disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of January 31, 2021 at the reasonable assurance level.
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act). Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
As disclosed in Part II Item 9A Controls and Procedures in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2020, during which we identified a material weakness in internal control involving the Company’s review controls over significant estimates. The Company failed to detect an error related to our provision for doubtful accounts identified by the Company’s auditors during the audit of our financial statements for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2020.
Remediation Plan for the Material Weakness in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
During fiscal 2021, management implemented our previously disclosed remediation plan that included:
Reinforcing the importance of proper significant estimates through policy statements, regular communication and in periodic reviews and meetings with managers and staff;
Establishing policies and procedures to ensure the accumulation of relevant, sufficient, and reliable data on which to base significant estimates;
Ensuring adequate review and approval of the significant estimates by appropriate levels of authority, including the source of relevant factors, development of assumptions and the reasonableness of assumptions and resulting estimates;
Performing comparison of prior significant estimates with subsequent results to assess the reliability of the process used to develop significant estimates; and
Consideration by management of whether the resulting significant estimate is consistent with the operational plans of the entity.
As required by Rule 13a-15(c) under the Exchange Act, our management, including our principal executive officers and principal financial officer, assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of January 31, 2021. In making this assessment, we used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control Integrated Framework in 2013. Based on this assessment, our management, including our principal executive officers and principal financial officer, concluded that, as of January 31, 2021, our internal control over financial reporting was effective based on those criteria. As a result we have concluded the material weakness has been remediated as of January 30, 2021.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Except for the changes in connection with our implementation of the remediation plan discussed above, there was no change in our system of internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended January 31, 2021 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Item 9B. Other Information
None.
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PART III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Pursuant to General Instruction G to Form 10-K, we incorporate by reference into this Item the information to be disclosed in our definitive proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC within 120 business days of January 31, 2021.
We have adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, which covers a wide range of business practices and procedures. The Code of Business Conduct and Ethics represents the code of ethics applicable to our principal executive officers, principal financial officer, and principal accounting officer or controller and persons performing similar functions (“senior financial officers”). A copy of the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is available on our website, https://www.mind-technology.com, and a copy will be mailed without charge, upon written request, to MIND Technology, Inc., 2002 Timberloch Place, Suite 400, The Woodlands, Texas, 77380, Attention: Robert P. Capps. We intend to disclose any amendments to or waivers of the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics on behalf of our senior financial officers on our website, at https://www.mind-technology.com promptly following the date of the amendment or waiver.
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Pursuant to General Instruction G to Form 10-K, we incorporate by reference into this Item the information to be disclosed in our definitive proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC within 120 business days of January 31, 2021.
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Pursuant to General Instruction G to Form 10-K, we incorporate by reference into this Item the information to be disclosed in our definitive proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC within 120 business days of January 31, 2021.
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
Pursuant to General Instruction G to Form 10-K, we incorporate by reference into this Item the information to be disclosed in our definitive proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC within 120 business days of January 31, 2021.
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Pursuant to General Instruction G to Form 10-K, we incorporate by reference into this Item the information to be disclosed in our definitive proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC within 120 business days of January 31, 2021.
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PART IV
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
 
(a)List of Documents Filed
(i)Financial Statements
The financial statements filed as part of this Form 10-K are listed in “Index to Consolidated Financial Statements” on page F-l.
 
(ii)Financial Statement Schedules
Schedule II – Valuation and Qualifying Accounts.
 
(iii)Exhibits
The exhibits required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K are listed in subparagraph (b) below.
 
(b)Exhibits
The exhibits marked with the cross symbol (†) are filed (or furnished in the case of Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2) with this Form 10-K. The exhibits marked with the asterisk symbol (*) are management contracts or compensatory plans or arrangements filed pursuant to Item 601(b)(10)(iii) of Regulation S-K.
Exhibit
Number
Document DescriptionReport or Registration StatementSEC File or
Registration
Number
Exhibit
Reference
1.1Incorporated by reference to MIND Technology, Inc.’s Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 25, 2020.001-134901.1
2.1Incorporated by reference to MIND Technology, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on August 7, 2020.001-134902.1
3.1Incorporated by reference to MIND Technology, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on August 7, 2020.3.3
3.2
Incorporated by reference to MIND Technology, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on August 7, 2020.
001-134903.4
3.3Incorporated by reference to MIND Technology, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on August 7, 2020.001-134903.5
3.4
Incorporated by reference to MIND Technology, Inc.’s Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 25, 2020.
001-134903.1
3.5Incorporated by reference to MIND Technology, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on August 7, 2020.001-134903.1
3.6Incorporated by reference to MIND Technology, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on August 7, 2020001-134903.2
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Exhibit
Number
Document DescriptionReport or Registration StatementSEC File or
Registration
Number
Exhibit
Reference
4.1Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Registration Statement on Form S-3, filed with the SEC on March 18, 2011.333-1729354.1
4.2Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Registration Statement on Form S-3, filed with the SEC on March 18, 2011.333-1729354.2
4.3
10.1*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed with the SEC on May 31, 2013.000-25142Appendix A
10.2*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed with the SEC on May 16, 2016.000-25142Appendix A
10.3*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Form S-8 filed with the SEC on September 5, 2019.333-2336354.5
10.4*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 2006, filed with the SEC on September 12, 2006.000-2514210.3
10.5*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 2006, filed with the SEC on September 12, 2006.000-2514210.4
10.6*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 2006, filed with the SEC on September 12, 2006.000-2514210.5
10.7*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 8, 2004.000-2514210.1
10.8*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 8, 2004.000-2514210.2
10.9*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 8, 2004.000-2514210.4
10.10*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 8, 2004.000-2514210.5
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Exhibit
Number
Document DescriptionReport or Registration StatementSEC File or
Registration
Number
Exhibit
Reference
10.11*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 8, 2004.000-2514210.6
10.12*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 8, 2004.000-2514210.7
10.13*Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 8, 2004.000-2514210.8
10.14†*
10.15Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.'s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 15, 2017.001-1349010.1
10.16Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.'s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 15, 2017.001-1349010.2
10.17Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.'s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on April 24, 2020.001-1349010.1
10.18Incorporated by reference to Mitcham Industries, Inc.'s Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on June 25, 2020.001-1349010.1
10.19Incorporated by reference to MIND Technology, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on September 25, 2020.001-134901.1
21.1†
23.1†
31.1†
31.2†
32.1†
32.2†
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Exhibit
Number
Document DescriptionReport or Registration StatementSEC File or
Registration
Number
Exhibit
Reference
101.INS†XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH†XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL†XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation of Linkbase Document
101.DEF†XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB†XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE†XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary

Not applicable.
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, on the 16th day of April 2021.
MIND TECHNOLOGY, INC.
By:/s/ ROBERT P. CAPPS
Robert P. Capps
Co-Chief Executive Officer,
Executive Vice President-Finance,
Chief Financial Officer and Director
(Co-Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer)
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
SignatureTitle/CapacityDate
/s/ GUY MALDEN
Co-Chief Executive Officer, Executive Vice
President – Marine Systems
(Co-Principal Executive Officer)
April 16, 2021
Guy Malden
/s/ ROBERT P. CAPPS
Co-Chief Executive Officer,
Executive Vice President – Finance, Chief Financial Officer and Director
(Co-Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer)
April 16, 2021
Robert P. Capps
/s/ MARK A. COX
Vice President of Finance and Accounting
(Principal Accounting Officer)
April 16, 2021
Mark A. Cox
/s/ PETER H. BLUMNon-Executive Chairman of the Board of DirectorsApril 16, 2021
Peter H. Blum
/s/ THOMAS S. GLANVILLEDirectorApril 16, 2021
Thomas S. Glanville
/s/ ROBERT J. ALBERSDirectorApril 16, 2021
Robert J. Albers
/s/ MARCUS ROWLANDDirectorApril 16, 2021
Marcus Rowland
/s/ WILLIAM H. HILARIDESDirectorApril 16, 2021
William H. Hilarides
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Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 Page
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Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm


To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of
MIND Technology, Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of MIND Technology, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of January 31, 2021 and 2020, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes and schedule (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of January 31, 2021 and 2020, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Basis for Opinion
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures to respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
As described in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts reflects management’s estimate of the amounts that will not be collected, based on the age of the receivable, payment history of the customer, general industry conditions, general financial condition of the customer, and any financial or operational leverage the Company may have in a particular situation. The evaluation of these factors requires that management make significant judgments regarding these factors, which may significantly impact the estimated reserve. The allowance for doubtful accounts for continuing operations was $948,345 and for discontinued operations was $827,940 as of January 31, 2021.
We identified the allowance for doubtful accounts as a critical audit matter as auditing management’s determination of qualitative factors, including probability and range of loss, involved a high degree of auditor judgment given the highly subjective nature of management’s judgement.

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:

•    Obtaining an understanding and evaluating the design of controls over the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts review process.
•    Obtaining an understanding of management’s process and methodology used to develop the estimate of allowance for doubtful accounts.
•    Evaluating the reasonableness of qualitative factor judgments assessed by management and their correlation to potential losses.
•    Evaluating collections subsequent to the balance sheet date in assessing the reasonableness of management’s estimate.
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Index to Financial Statements
•    Performing a retrospective review of the allowance comparing current year write-offs and reserves to amounts estimated in the prior year.

Inventory Reserves - Seamap

The Company's inventories totaled $11,453,000 net of inventory reserves of $1,363,000, as of January 31, 2021. Included in these amounts related to Seamap were $9,034,700, net of inventory reserves of $1,150,602. As explained in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company assesses the value of all inventories including raw materials, work-in-process, and finished goods in each reporting period. Obsolete inventory is written down to its estimated market value if those amounts are determined to be less than cost.

Auditing management's estimates for obsolete and excess inventory involved subjective auditor judgement because the estimates rely on a number of factors that are affected by market and economic conditions outside the Company's control.

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:

•    Evaluating the significant assumptions and the accuracy and completeness of the underlying data management used to value obsolete inventory.
•    Performing inquiries of the Company’s management and obtaining documentation to evaluate the Company’s estimate.
•    Performing procedures to compare recent sales transactions or market data to cost of inventories to assess that the carrying value of inventories was the lower of cost or net realizable value.

Liquidity and Going Concern

As described in note 4, the financial statements are prepared on a going concern basis, which assumes that the Company will continue in operation for the foreseeable future and, accordingly, will be able to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of operations. The Company has a history of losses and has had negative cash flows from operating activities in the last two years. The Company may not have access to sources of capital that were available in prior periods. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic and the decline in oil prices during fiscal 2021 caused a disruption to the Company’s business and delays in some orders. Currently management’s forecasts and related assumptions support their assertion that they have the ability to meet their obligations as they become due through the management of expenditures and, if necessary, accessing additional funding from the at-the-market program or other equity financing. Should there be constraints on the ability to access capital under the at-the-market program or other equity financing, the Company has asserted that it can manage cash outflows to meet the obligations through reductions in capital expenditures and other operating expenditures.

Management made judgments to conclude that it is probable that the Company’s plans will be effectively implemented and will provide the necessary cash flows to fund the Company’s obligations as they become due. Specifically, the judgments with the highest degree of impact and subjectivity in determining that it is probable that the Company’s plans will be effectively implemented included the revenue growth and gross margin assumptions underlying its forecast of operating cash flows, its ability to reduce other operating expenditures if required, its ability to access funding from the at-the-market program or other equity financing, and its ability to sell its remaining leasepool equipment and collect on its outstanding notes receivable balances. This required a high degree of auditor subjectivity and judgment to evaluate the audit evidence supporting management’s liquidity and going concern conclusions.

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:

•    Evaluating the probability that the Company will be able to access funding from the at-the-market program by assessing the terms of the program and the Company’s history of using the program.
•    Evaluating the probability that the Company will be able to sell its remaining leasepool equipment.
•    Evaluating the probability that the Company will be able to collect the remaining amounts due from outstanding notes receivable.
•    Assessing management’s plans in the context of other audit evidence obtained during the audit to determine whether it supported or contradicted the conclusion reached by management.



/s/ Moss Adams LLP

Houston, Texas
April 16, 2021

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2017.

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Index to Financial Statements
MIND TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share data)
 January 31,
 20212020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$4,611 $3,090 
Restricted cash 144 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $948
and $2,378 at January 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively
4,747 6,623 
Inventories, net11,453 12,656 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets1,659 1,987 
Assets held for sale4,321 14,913 
Total current assets26,791 39,413 
Property and equipment, net4,751 5,419 
Operating lease right-of-use assets1,471 2,300 
Intangible assets, net6,750 8,136 
Goodwill 2,531 
Other assets 429 
Total assets$39,763 $58,228 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$1,704 $1,767 
Deferred revenue208 731 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities2,912 1,565 
Income taxes payable562 316 
Operating lease liabilities - current1,008 1,339 
Liabilities held for sale1,442 2,730 
Total current liabilities7,836 8,448 
Operating lease liabilities - non-current463 961 
Notes payable850  
Other non-current liabilities 967 
Deferred tax liability198 200 
Total liabilities9,347 10,576 
Commitments and contingencies (Notes 10,17, and 21)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $1.00 par value; 2,000 shares authorized; 1,038 and 994 shares issued and
outstanding at January 31, 2021, and 2020, respectively
23,104 22,104 
Common stock $0.01 par value; 40,000 shares authorized; 15,681 and 14,049 shares
issued at January 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively
157 141 
Additional paid-in capital128,241 123,964 
Treasury stock, at cost (1,929 shares at January 31, 2021 and 2020)
(16,860)(16,860)
Accumulated deficit(99,870)(77,310)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(4,356)(4,387)
Total stockholders’ equity30,416 47,652 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$39,763 $58,228 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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Index to Financial Statements
MIND TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
 Year Ended January 31,
 20212020
Revenues:
Sale of marine technology products
$21,215 $29,919 
Total revenues21,215 29,919 
Cost of sales:
Sale of marine technology products
13,906 16,965 
Total cost of sales13,906 16,965 
Gross profit7,309 12,954 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative12,648 14,140 
Research and development3,003 1,850 
Provision for doubtful accounts659  
Impairment of intangible assets2,531 760 
Depreciation and amortization2,796 2,494 
Total operating expenses21,637 19,244 
Operating loss(14,328)(6,290)
Other income:
Other income, net862 100 
Total other income862 100 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes(13,466)(6,190)
Provision for income taxes(536)(353)
Loss from continuing operations(14,002)(6,543)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes(6,304)(4,744)
Net loss$(20,306)$(11,287)
Preferred stock dividends(2,254)(2,050)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(22,560)$(13,337)
Net loss per common share - Basic
Continuing operations$(1.30)$(0.71)
Discontinued operations$(0.50)$(0.39)
Net loss$(1.80)$(1.10)
Net loss per common share - Diluted
Continuing operations$(1.30)$(0.71)
Discontinued operations$(0.50)$(0.39)
Net loss$(1.80)$(1.10)
Shares used in computing loss per common share:
Basic12,519 12,143 
Diluted12,519 12,143 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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MIND TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(in thousands)
 
 Year Ended January 31,
 20212020
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(22,560)$(13,337)
Other changes in cumulative translation adjustment 31 (343)
Comprehensive loss$(22,529)$(13,680)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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MIND TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands)
 Year Ended January 31, 2020 and 2021
 Common StockPreferred StockRetained
Earnings
(Accumulated
Deficit)
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 SharesAmountSharesAmountAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Treasury
Stock
Total
Balances, January 31, 201914,049 140 830 18,330 123,085 (16,860)(63,973)(4,044)56,678 
Net loss— — — — (11,287)— (11,287)
Foreign currency translation— — — — — — — (343)(343)
Equity compensation9 1 — — 25 — — — 26 
Restricted stock issued39 — — — — — — — — 
Restricted stock forfeited for taxes— — — — — — — —  
Preferred stock offering— — 164 3,774 — — — — 3,774 
Preferred stock dividends— — — — — — (2,050)— (2,050)
Stock-based compensation— — — — 854 — — — 854 
Balances, January 31, 202014,097 $141 994 22,104 $123,964 $(16,860)$(77,310)$(4,387)$47,652 
Net loss— — — — — — (20,306)— (20,306)
Foreign currency translation— — — — — — — 31 31 
Equity Compensation— — —